News

18–20/12/2019: Talk by Dominik Berrens in Würzburg

Just before the Christmas break (18 to 20 December 2019), the Camerarius project of the University of Würzburg held its final conference with the title “Camerarius im Kontext. Konstellationen und Diskurslandschaften des 16. Jahrhunderts”. Our colleague Dominik Berrens was invited to give a talk on Camerarius’s role in establishing a medical terminology in the sixteenth century

Program

 


15/12/2019: Noscemus Transkribus Model released

The first Transkribus model of NOSCEMUS trained by Stefan Zathammer is now officialy out. It is available for every registered user in Transkribus and called: Noscemus GM v1. The model is able to read texts set in Antiqua-based typefaces from the 16th, 17th and 18th century with a high level of accuracy and consistently outperforms most of the standard OCR engines. Although it is tailored towards transcribing (Neo-)Latin texts, Noscemus GM v1 also provides convincing results for other languages such as French, Italian and English. The Noscemus model is therefore able to offer help not only to Neo-Latinists, but to all kind of researchers dealing with larger text corpora from the Early Modern Period.

The model is based on training data from the project’s Digital Sourcebook and comprises at present (December 2019) around 1,000 fully corrected pages. In order to give the user a maximum of freedom, standardizations in the transcription process have been kept to a minimum. Normalizations have been implemented only in the following cases: ligatures (e.g. æ, œ, ct, ff) and abbreviations (e.g. -que, -us, -tur, …mm…, …nn…) have been expanded, long s (ſ) transcribed as a normal s, and small caps transcribed as majuscules.

In the model’s current state there remain a handful of known issues: There are occasional inconsistencies in the transcription of quotation marks; the error rate for the transcription of Greek words or passages is still high; to a lesser degree the same applies to words set in (German) Fraktur.

For more information see also the post on the Transkribus HP

How to guides: Official Wiki | LaTeX-Ninja (English) | B. Denicolò (German)

Make sure you use the model “Noscemus GM v1” when you run the Text Recognition on your document!

 


04/12/2019: Talk by Irina Tautschnig in Wuppertal

aldrovandi-tautschnig-2019-12-04In the guest talk series organised by the DFG project “Ikonographie auf wissenschaftlichen Instrumenten der Frühen Neuzeit” (IZWT, University of Wuppertal), Irina Tautschnig gave the paper “Die Gesichter der Wissenschaft. Neulateinische Porträtepigramme als Medium der Wissenschaftsbewerbung”. In her talk, she examined portrait epigrams as a means to shape the image of scientists and to promote scientific achievements.

Program

 


14/11/2019: Intellectual History Review 29.4

 In the recent issue of Intellectual History Review  29.4 (2019) two articles of our researcher Ovanes Akopyan were published:

“In search of a spiritus: Francesco Patrizi on tides”, pp. 655–668 | Link to the article

This article analyzes two chapters of Francesco Patrizi’s Nova de universis philosophia that deal with a topic widely debated in European intellectual circles at the time: the origin of tides. By deconstructing Patrizi’s views on the phenomenon of ebb and flow, this paper places these chapters of Patrizi’s opus magnum into a larger context and shows how, with the use of novel philosophical arguments, he sought to replace what he considered an outdated theory of tides.

 

Francesco Patrizi da Cherso (1529–1597): new perspectives on a Renaissance philosopher”, pp. 541–543 | Link to the article

 


05/11/2019: Guest Talk by Sietske Fransen

sietske_2On Tuesday, 5th November 2019, Sietske Fransen (Max-Planck-Institut für Kunstgeschichte - Bibliotheca Hertziana) will give the talk: “On Jan Baptista van Helmont. Understanding Language and the Mind”. 

Date: 05/11/2019
Location: Innsbruck, Langer Weg 11 (Zentrum für Alte Kulturen), SR1

Abstract

 


25/06/2019: Guest Talk by Monica Azzolini

On Tuesday, 25th June 2019, Monica Azzolini (Università di Bologna) will give the talk: “Aetna: Production and circulation of knowledge about Sicily's volcano in early modern sources”.

Date: Tue, 25/06/2019 – 18:00
Location: Innsbruck, Langer Weg 11 (Zentrum für Alte Kulturen), SR5

Abstract

 


18/06/2019: Guest Talk by Volker Remmert

On Tuesday, 18th June 2019, Volker Remmert (Bergische Universität Wuppertal) will give the talk: “Wettstreit der Paratexte. Johannes Keplers Tabulae Rudolphinae (Ulm 1627) und Philipp Lansbergens Tabulae motuum coelestium perpetuae (Middelburg 1632)”.

Date: Tue, 18/06/2019 – 18:00
Location: Innsbruck, Langer Weg 11 (Zentrum für Alte Kulturen), SR5

Abstract

 


14–15/06/2019: 7th Volturnia (Erlangen)

At the 7th Volturnia Conference of Bavarian and Austrian classicists in Erlangen (Germany), Dominik Berrens gave the paper: "Guter Stil in neulateinischen Wissenschaftstexten". In his talk, Dominik presented an overview of how scientists faced the difficulty of disseminating their findings and ideas in texts that aimed at being, on the one hand, scientifically accurate and, on the other hand, written in a style inspired by classical models.

Program

 


07/06/2019:  Exhibition at the Botanical Garden

On the occasion of the 350th anniversary of the University of Innsbruck, the Botanical Garden has organized an exhibition entitled: “Mensch und Natur – Eine botanische Reise durch die Wissenschaften" (Humans and Nature – A botanical journey through the sciences). Dominik Berrens contributed to the project "Wie kommen Pflanzen zu ihren botanischen Namen?” (How plants got their botanical names).

Link (LFU)

 


12/06/2019: Guest Talk by Vasileiois Syros

On Wednsday, 12th June 2019, Vasileios Syros (Helsiniki) will give the talk: “The Copernican Turn in French Political Thought”.

Date: We, 12/06/2019 – 18:00
Location: Innsbruck, Langer Weg 11 (Zentrum für Alte Kulturen), SR1

Abstract

 


07/06/2019: Workshop (De)Constructing authority in early modern cosmology

Organisation: Ovanes Akopyan
Date: Fr, 07/06/2019 – 10:00–18:15
Venue: Innsbruck, Langer Weg 11 (Zentrum für Alte Kulturen), SR1

About the workshop:

It is often claimed that instead of relying on authoritative texts, the method which is usually associated with the pre-modern period, early modern science has its roots in experimental knowledge. Cosmology that due to the Copernican revolution went through significant changes is usually seen as the most illustrative example of such a shift. However, the picture seems to be much more complex. This workshop will focus on the notion of “authority” in early modern astronomy and astrology and the strategies with which scholars constructed or, on the contrary, rejected authoritative texts and concepts. This workshop will, hopefully, demonstrate how by applying a set of argumentative strategies not exclusively limited to experimental knowledge per se, early modern scholars established a new pantheon of reliable authorities in their field or sought to restore the position of those whose ideas had been shaken by new scientific discoveries.

A number of fundamental questions will be addressed, including:

  • “Scientific heroes” in early modern cosmology and promotion of science
  • Astrology and its controversial status in the early modern period
  • “Previous” authorities, such as Aristotle, Ptolemy or Abu Ma'shar, and the use and abuse of their legacy
  • The authority of the Bible and the authority of science
  • Confessionalisation and institutionalisation of early modern cosmologies

Our researches will give the following talks:

Johanna Luggin: In tam vasto librorum oceano, quibus studiosorum ingenia perturbantur: William Gilbert's Use of Experiment and Rejection of Authority, Reconsidered

Irina Tautschnig: Constructing Authority in the Paratext: The Panegyric Poems to Johannes Hevelius' Selenographia

Program


22–23/05/2019: Talk by Johanna Luggin in Graz

Johanna Luggin attended the interdisciplinary conference Zeugenschaft/testimony in der Frühen Neuzeit, organized by the research platform The Exercise of Judgement in Graz. She presented a paper on early modern debates about magnetism and its connection to testimony, witnesses, and authority in early modern science to an international group of historians of law, historians of science, as well as philosophers. 

Program

 
05–17/05/2019: Johanna Luggin at the Warburg Institute

Johanna Luggin visited the Warburg Institute in London for a Library Travel Grant for two weeks in May, to work with the broad and exceptional collection of books in the history of science at the Warburg library. She was especially interested in its many books on early modern anatomy, as well as on astronomy and cosmography. 

 


07/05/2019: Guest Talk by Dario Tessicini

On Tuesday, 7th May 2019, Dario Tessicini (University of Durham) will give the talk: “The Renaissance Invention of Cosmology”.

Date: Tue, 07/05/2019 – 18:00
Location: Innsbruck, Langer Weg 11 (Zentrum für Alte Kulturen), SR5

Abstract

 


 10–12/04/2019: BSHS Postgraduate Conference

At the 2019 Postgraduate Conference of the British Society for the History of Science in Cambridge, Irina Tautschnig presented the paper “The Beehive of Science. Newton in Carlo Noceti’s Iris. In her talk, she analysed how in this 18th century Jesuit didactic poem on the rainbow, scientific progress is depicted not as the work of scientific heroes, but as the result of a collective search for truth, echoing the famous image of the busy bees in Vergil’s Georgics (4.158–69). 

 


28/03/2019: Guest Talk by Kurt Girstmair

On Thursday, 28th March 2019, Kurt Girstmair (Universität Innsbruck) will give the talk: “Lauter Falsches: drei Handschriften der ULB Tirol”.

Date: Thu, 28/03/2019 – 18:00
Location: Innsbruck, Langer Weg 11 (Zentrum für Alte Kulturen), SR1

Abstract

 


 21/03/2019: Humanistica Lovaniensia 68.1

In the recent issue of Humanistica Lovaniensia – Journal of Neo-Latin Studies Vol. 68, No. 1 (2019) two articles of our researchers were published:

Martin Korenjak: “Explaining Natural Science in Hexameters. Scientific Didactic Epic in the Early Modern Era” (pp. 135–175) | Link to the article

Didactic epic is one of the most intensely studied genres of Neo-Latin poetry. However, the numerous didactic poems that consider scientific topics as diverse as polar lights and balneology have to date received little attention. Insofar as these poems are considered at all, they are primarily understood as exercises in literary imitatio and demonstrations of poetic virtuosity, largely disregarding their professed objectives of explaining science to their readers. Focusing on a case study of the Iris (1730) by the Jesuit poet Carlo Noceti, the present article suggests that the formal aspects of these texts should not be evaluated in isolation from their contents. Rather, it seems preferable to treat them as serious attempts to familiarise readers with new notions, facts and insights in the age of the Scientific Revolution. The article is complemented by an Appendix listing all pertinent poems known to the author.

 

Dominik Berrens: “The Meaning of Flora” (pp. 237–249) | Link to the article

The term Flora usually refers to the natural vegetation of a particular geographic region or a scientific work that catalogues such vegetation. These meanings have evolved from a metonymy of the Roman goddess Flora. It was previously assumed that this metonymic use began in the seventeenth century and was initially limited to book titles. However, the present article challenges these assumptions and demonstrates that the metonymic use of Flora was employed much earlier, and not in book titles, but in poetry and letters.

 


17–19/03/2019: RSA 2019 Toronto

whatsapp-image-2019-03-25-at-11.10.01At the 65th Annual Meeting of the Renaissance Society of America (RSA) in Toronto our researches will give the following talks (Monday, 18/03/2019):

Martin Korenjak: Abstract

Dominik Berrens: | Abstract

Irina Tautschnig:

Ovanes Akopyan: Power, Fortune, and Scientia Naturalis: A Humanist Reading of Disasters in Giannozzo Manetti's De Terremotu | Abstract

Program

 


14/03/2019: Talk by Irina Tautschnig at the Max-Planck-Institute (Berlin)

On Thursday, 14th March 2019, Irina Tautschnig will present her dissertation project under the titlePulchri correpta cupidine veri saecla. Promoting Science in Neo-Latin Literature” at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (MPIWG) in Berlin.

Date: Thu 14/03/2019 – 11:00
Location: Berlin, Boltzmannstraße 22 (MPIWG), R219

  


12/03/2019: Guest Talk by Guido Giglioni

On Tuesday, 12th March 2019, Guido Giglioni (Università degli Studi di Macerata) will give the talk: “The Beginnings of Life: William Harvey and the Latin Lexicon of Plantanimal Growth”.

Date: Tue, 12/03/2019 – 18:00
Location: Innsbruck, Langer Weg 11 (Zentrum für Alte Kulturen), SR5

Abstract

 


05/03/2019: Guest Talk by Peter Mack

On Tuesday, 5th March 2019, Peter Mack (Warwick) gave the talk: “Erasmus's Encomium Moriae and Montaigne's Essais: Latin and French”.

Abstract

 


20/02/2019: Guest Talk by Maude Vanhaelen

gastvortrag-vanhaelen-2019-02-20-fOn Wednesday, 20th February 2019, Maude Vanhaelen (Warwick) gave the talk: “Plato in the place of Aristotle: Platonic lectures and commentaries in Renaissance universities”.

Abstract

 

 

 

 

 

 


02/02/2019: Süddeutsche Zeitung, “Die Biene  ein durch und durch politisches Tier”

On 2 February 2019, the features section of the Süddeutsche Zeitung reported on ancient ideas about the bee state, to which our colleague Dominik Berrens was interviewed as an expert.

Link to the article

 


01–02/02/2019: Talk by Irina Tautschnig at the AKME Colloquium

At the AKME Colloquium in Innsbruck (February 1st and 2nd), Irina Tautschnig presented her research on the interplay of didactics and satire in Libert Froidmont's Somnium sive peregrinatio caelestis, an early 17th century dream narrative about a voyage through the universe. As a literary reaction to recent astronomical discoveries, the Somnium presents an interesting case study for her project on promoting science.

Program

 


12/12/2018: Guest Talk by Ian  Maclean

On Wednesday, December 12th 2018, Ian Maclean (Oxford) gave the talk “Andreas Frisisu of Amsterdam and the Search for a Niche in the Market for Latin Books (1664–1675)”.

Abstract

 


06/12/2018: Guest Talk by Petra Schierl

On Thursday, December 6th 2018, Petra Schierl (Universität Basel) gave talk “Gestalt und Ähnlichkeit: Conrad Gessners Neuordnung der fossilia”.

Abstract

 


28/11/2018: Guest Talk by Mordechai Feingoldgastvortrag-feingold

On Wednesday, November 28th 2018, Mordechai Feingold (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena) gave the talk “An Enigmatic Elizabethan Puritan Intellectual: John Reinolds (1549–1607)”.

Abstract

 

 

   


20/11/2018: Guest Talk by Dilwyn Knox

On Tuesday, November 20th 2018, Dilwyn Knox (University College London) gave the talk “Giordano Bruno on Wonder”.

Abstract

 


01/11/2018: Talk by Dominik Berrens at the Department for History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge

Dominik Berrens spends the Michaelmas (OctoberNovember) as visiting scholar at the Department for History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. On Thursday, 1 November 2018, he was invited to talk about his ongoing research with the Early Science and Medicine working group at the Department. Dominik presented his case study on the  naming of the sloth and discussed his results with the audience.

 


23/10/2018: Guest Talk by Hiro Hirai

Gastvortrag Hiro Hirai 2018-10-23On Tuesday, October 23rd 2018, Hiro Hirai (Radboud University) gave the talk “Galen in the Medical Context of the Scientific Revolution”.

Abstract

 

 


12–13/10/2018: Digitising the Classical Tradition

Split 2018-10-12The first workshop of the NOSCEMUS project “Digitising the Classical Tradition”, organised in cooperation with the University of Zagreb and the Književni krug Split took place on the 12th and 13th of October 2018 in Split. It was dedicated to the new possibilities which the digital media offer for Latin studies and the history of science.

Organisation: Neven Jovanović (University of Zagreb), Martin Korenjak (University of Innsbruck), Braco Lučin (Književni krug Split)

Venue: Institute of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Split, Brothers Radić Square, 7, Split

Program

 

14/08/2018: Talk by Dominik Berrens at the Rotary Club “Saarlouis-Untere Saar” (Germany)

Berrens Rotary Club SaarlouisOn Tuesday, August 14th 2018, Dominik Berrens was invited to give a talk to members and guests of the Rotary Club “Saarlouis-Untere Saar” (Germany). Dominik gave insights into the ongoing research of the ERC project. The talk was followed by a vivid discussion with the interested audience. We would like to thank the Rotary Club “Saarlouis-Untere Saar” for the warm welcome and the possibility to present our work. 

 

 

 


29/07–03/08/2018: 17th International Congress of the International Association for Neo-Latin Studies (IANLS) in AlbacetePoster ERC

Within the special session “Scientia Latina I: Neo-Latin as a Means of Promoting and Disseminating Early Modern Science” some members of our research team presented their current work.

Martin Korenjak gave a paper on “Heroes of Scientific Revoluiton”. In early modern times, the rapidly developing natural sciences propounded a mass of radically new, seemingly absurd ideas about the physical world. In order to overcome resistance and to win over their contemporaries, proponents of the new science not only tried to argue convincingly for the factual truth of the scientific results, but also did their best to present scientists as respectable individuals and their work as worthwhile and fruitful. One way of doing so was to depict the protagonists of the new science as intellectual heroes and science itself as a heroic endeavour, following the lead of ancient models such as Cicero and especially Lucretius. In his talk Korenjak demonstrated how this approach was realised in a broad variety of literary genres, but especially in poems of praise for famous authors like Thomas Burnet and Isaac Newton, which were often used as introductory paratexts to their works.

Johanna Luggin presented a paper on the 18th century didactic poem Cerebrum (“The Brain”), written by the Jesuit Claude Griffet, focusing especially on its various strategies to advertise this medical subject to the reader, suggesting the anatomy and function of the brain and soul as an interesting, relevant, complex, but – through the author’s efforts – nonetheless understandable topic.

As the third speaker of the session, Irina Tautschnig gave a paper on Carlo Noceti’s Iris, another 18th century Jesuit didactic poem on the physics of the rainbow. In her talk, she examined the role of one specific strategy to promote science within the text, namely to present scientific discoveries as divinely ordained.

Program and abstracts

On Friday, August 3rd 2018, the whole team presented the project's new poster.

 


19/06/2018: Guest Talk by Matteo Martelli

On Tuesday, June 19th 2018, Matteo Martelli (Bologna) gave the talk “Fragments of Greek Alchemy in the Arabo-Latin Tradition”.

The talk was followed by a discussion. 

Abstract

 


08/03/2018: Guest Talk by Ramunė Markevičiūtė

Gastvortrag - Markeviciute 08-03-2018On Thursday, March 8th 2018, Ramunė Markevičiūtė (Berlin) gave the talk “Die drei Hybriditäten des Lehrgedichts. Methodologische Ansätze zur Analyse der Gattungen im philosophisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Kontext der Frühen Neuzeit”.

The talk was followed by a discussion. 

Abstract

 

 


12–13/01/2018: 39th Metageitnia – Talk by Dominik Berrens 

Dominik Berrens gave a talk at the 39th Metageitnia Conference in Strasbourg (12th and 13th of January). In his paper “Chymia mit allen Sinnen. Alchemistische Wissensvermittlung in Michael Maiers Atalanta Fugiens he gave an overview over this  fascinating work that uses different artistic and intellectual approaches to alchemical knowledge. Furthermore, he dealt with two chapters (XI Dealbate Latonam & rumpite libros and XXI Fac ex mare et foemina circulum) in more detail. Both chapters are especially interesting for Dominik's project on naming.

 


12/2017: Joachim Camerarius Περὶ τῆς ἡλιακῆς ἐκλειψεως edited by Dominik Berrens

camerarius-polyhistorOn the occasion of the solar eclipse of 1539, the German polyhistor Joachim Camerarius (1500–1574) issued a small volume (De solis defectu anni M.D.XXXIX. interlunii mensis Maii)  containing three poems about this astronomic event: two of them in Latin (by Heinrich Wolf and by Camerarius himself) and one in Greek (also by Camerarius). The latter poem is titled Περὶ τῆς ἡλιακῆς ἐκλείψεως and consists of 71 hexameters dealing mostly with the eclipse as a bad portent for humankind. This poem, that was printed another time in 1540 as an appendix to Lorenzo Bonincontri's De rebus naturalibus et divinis, has been edited, translated and commentated by Dominik Berrens for the first time. The similia clearly demonstrate that Camerarius heavily draws on the Homeric poems, of which he also issued an edition with commentary during this time.

Berrens, Dominik: Camerarius' griechische Dichtung zur Sonnenfinsternis von 1539. Edition, Übersetzung, sprachlicher Kommentar, in: Camerarius Polyhistor. Wissensvermittlung im deutschen Humanismus, ed. Thomas Baier, Tübingen 2017 (= NeoLatina 27), pp. 221–231.

narr.de

 


21/11/2017: Guest Talk by Marion Gindhart 

Gindhart-Vortrag FotoOn Tuesday, November 21st 2017, Marion Gindhart (Mainz/Würzburg) gave the talk “De cometis – Von geschwentzten sternen. Wissensformationen in lateinischen und deutschen Kometendrucken der frühen Neuzeit”.

The talk was followed by a discussion.

Abstract

 


19/11/2017: Guest Talk by Philipp Roelli

On Thursday, November 19th 2017, Philipp Roelli (Zurich) gave the talk “Zur Entwicklung des scholastischen Latein als Wissenschaftssprache”.

The talk was followed by a discussion.

Abstract

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