Projects and Science

logo_abt The Study Group: Apparel and Textile Techniques (known as ABT) is a university community of interest that has taken upon itself the task to research the history of clothing and textile technology operating from the Prehistoric to the Contemporary Period.

The research results are presented in appropriate publication media and consulting is offered to people interested in the matter. ABT also organizes events, lectures and conferences and provides links to existing agencies for clothing history. The research of the ABT is based on the inclusion of real objects such as textiles and apparel accessories from archaeological excavations, collections and museums, the evaluation of visual and written sources, and experimental archaeological implementation and review of the findings obtained by the above methods.




Clothing, in the most general sense, is the entirety of the material objects that are worn on the body and head, as well as hands and feet. Ornaments like earrings, headbands, and painted imitation clothing are in general unconsidered.


A textile or cloth is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres often referred to as thread or yarn. Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool, flax, cotton, or other material to produce long strands.[1] Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, or pressing fibres together (felt).


„Textile Technology“:

...principally all the processes required that affect the creation of fabric composed of smaller assemblies, e.g. thread, yarn, twine, raffia, leaves, or parts thereof, rods, wood chips, etc. In Addition this also includes the extraction and production of raw materials, e.g. spinning of the thread, and also the processing of finished materials (cutting, sewing) and their decoration, e.g. embroidery and application procedures.

Extract: Walter Hirschberg [ed.], Technology and Ergology in Folklore. 3. ed. (Berlin 1986) page127.


Team ABT



Lectures, Workshops, Public relations


Sources of textile history



 Textile Techniques:Spindeln/spindles

Research projects:

Horizontaler Fußhebelwebstuhl/Horizontal treadle loom

Picture gallery "Historical pictures"


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