University of Innsbruck

Gilbert Neuner

“Abiotic stresses are major factors that determine the natural geographic distribution of plants and limit agricultural production. My research interests focus on the mechanisms that plants have evolved to achieve resistance against abiotic stresses. Understanding these mechanisms can provide useful information for improvement of crop performance. My research is a comparative ecophysiology based on the functional biodiversity of species found in the alpine region and focuses on frost stress, ice management and the survival of heat and drought events. I has supervised over 60 Master and PhD students and I am deputy head of the research center “Ecology of the Alpine Region” and the doctoral program “Alpine Biology and Global Change.”

Projects

  • Predetermined spaces of ice accumulation in plant tissues, FWF Project 34844-B, 2021-2025
  • Plant water use under heat, FWF Project 34717-B, 2021-2025
  • Freezing susceptibility of flowers and young fruits of new apple varieties, 2021-2022
  • Disentangling evolutionary adaptation from transient acclimation to alpine environments in Arabidopsis arenosa, FWF Project 31027-BB2, 2018-2023
  • Ice management and freeze dehydration of plant cells, FWF Project 30139-B32, 2018-2021

Selected Publications

  • Stegner, M., Lackner, B., Schäfernolte, T., Buchner, O., Xiao, N., Gierlinger, N., Holzinger, A., Neuner, G. 2020. Winter Nights During Summer Time: Stress Physiological Response to Ice and Facilitation of Freezing Cytorrhysis by Elastic Cell Wall Components in Leaves of a Nival Species. Int J Mol Sci 21, 7042; doi:10.3390/ijms21197042
  • Neuner, G., Kreische, B., Kaplenig, D., Monitzer, K., Miller, R. 2019. Deep supercooling enabled by surface impregnation with lipophilic substances explains the survival of overwintering buds at extreme freezing. Plant Cell Environ, 42, 2065-2074. DOI:10.1111/pce.13545
  • Neuner, G., Monitzer, K., Kaplenig, D., Ingruber, J. 2019. Frost Survival Mechanism of Vegetative Buds in Temperate Trees: Deep Supercooling and Extraorgan Freezing vs. Ice Tolerance. Front Plant Sci 10: 537. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00537
  • Kuprian, E., Munkler, C., Resnyak, A., Zimmermann, S., Tuong, T. D., Gierlinger, N., Müller, T., Livingston III, D. P., Neuner, G. 2017. Complex bud architecture and cell-specific chemical patterns enable supercooling of Picea abies bud primordia. Plant Cell Environ, 40, 3101-3112. DOI: 10.1111/pce.13078
  • Wisniewski, M., Gusta, L., Neuner, G., 2014. Adaptive mechanisms of freeze avoidance in plants. A brief update. Environ Exp Bot, 99, 133-140. http:/dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2013.11.011

All Publications ORCID Research Gate Google Scholar

Additional research achievements

Community services

  • Editorial board memeber/Reviewer – journals and fundign agencies
  • Deputy head of the research center “Ecology of the Alpine Region”
  • Deputy head of the doctoral program “Alpine Biology and Global Change“

All Research achievements

Teaching

  • Stress physiology
  • Physiological plant ecology
  • Plant physiology
  • Botanical experiments for application in school
  • Functional Biology of Alpine Plants

Courses