Universität Innsbruck

Pub­li­ca­tion List Jas­per Moer­naut

peer-reviewed publications


62. Daxer, C., Huang, J.-J., Weginger, S., Hilbe, M., Strasser, M., Moernaut, J., 2022. Validation of seismic hazard curves using a calibrated 14 ka lacustrine record in the Eastern Alps, Austria. Scientific reports 12, 19943. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-24487-w

61. Sabatier, P., Moernaut, J., Bertrand, S., Van Daele, M., Kremer, K., Chaumillon, E., Arnaud, F., 2022. A review of event deposits in lake sediments. Quaternary 5(3), 34. https://doi.org/10.3390/quat5030034

60. Lu, Y., Pope, E.L., Moernaut, J., Bookman, R., Waldmann, N., Agnon, A., Marco, S., Strasser, M., 2022. Stratigraphic record reveals contrasting roles of overflows and underflows over glacial cycles in a hypersaline lake (Dead Sea). Earth and Planetary Science Letters.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117723

59. Molenaar, A., Van Daele, M., Huang, J.-J., Strasser, M., De Batist, M., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., Moernaut, J., 2022. Disentangling factors controlling earthquake-triggered soft-sediment deformation in lakes. Sedimentary Geology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2022.106200

58. Oswald, P. Strasser, M., Skapski, J., Moernaut, J., 2022. Magnitude and source area estimations of severe prehistoric earthquakes in the western Eastern Alps. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 22, 2057-2079. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-22-2057-2022

57. Daxer, C., Ortler, M., Fabbri, S.C., Hilbe, M., Hajdas, I., Dubois, N., Piechl, T., Hammerl, C., Strasser, M., Moernaut, J., 2022. High-resolution calibration of seismically induced lacustrine deposits with historical earthquake data in the Eastern Alps (Carinthia, Austria). Quaternary Science Reviews 284, 107497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2022.107497

56. Cornard, P., Moernaut, J., Moore, G.F., Kioka, A., Kopf, A., dos Santos Ferreira, C., Strasser, M., 2022. Sequence stratigraphic evolution of the Kumano Basin during the last deglaciation: influence of glacio-eustatic and climatic variation on the deep-marine sediment dynamics. Sedimentary Geology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2022.106100

55. Praet, N., Van Daele, M., Moernaut, J., Mestdagh, T., Vandorpe, T., Jensen, B., Witter, R.C., Haeussler, P.J., De Batist, M., 2022. Unravelling a 2300 year long sedimentary record of megathrust and intraslab earthquakes in proglacial Skilak Lake, south-central Alaska. Sedimentology. https://doi.org/10.1111/sed.12986


54. Kiefer, C., Oswald, P., Moernaut, J., Fabbri, S.C., Mayr, C., Strasser, M., Krautblatter, M., 2021. A 4,000 year debris-flow record based on amphibious investigations of fan delta activity in Plansee (Austria, Eastern Alps). Earth Surface Dynamics. https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-9-1481-2021

53. Franco, A., Moernaut, J., Schneider-Muntau, B., Strasser, M., Gems, B., 2021. Triggers and consequences of landslide-induced tsunamis – reconstruction of the Taan Fiord 2015 tsunami event from a geomorphological and hydrodynamic modelling perspective. Engineering Geology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2021.106384

52. Kempf, P., Moernaut, J., 2021. Age Uncertainty in Recurrence Analysis of Paleoseismic Records. Journal of Geophysical Research – Solid Earth. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JB021996

51. Lu, Y., Moernaut, J., Waldmann, N., Bookman, R., Alsop, I., Hubert-Ferrari, A., Strasser, M., Agnon, A., Marco, S., 2021. Orbital- and millennial-scale changes in lake-levels facilitate earthquake-triggered mass failures in the Dead Sea Basin. Geophysical Research Letters. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GL093391

50. Oswald, P., Moernaut, J., Fabbri, S.C., De Batist, M., Hajdas, I., Ortner, H., Titzler, S., Strasser, M., 2021. Combined on-fault and off-fault paleoseismic evidence in the postglacial infill of the inner-alpine lake Achensee (Austria, Eastern Alps). Frontiers in Earth Science. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2021.670952

49. Sammartini, M., Moernaut, J., Kopf, A., Stegmann, S., Fabbri, S.C., Anselmetti, F. S., Strasser, M., in press. Propagation of frontally confined subaqueous landslides: Insights from combining geophysical, sedimentological, and geotechnical analysis. Sedimentary Geology. https://doi.org/1016/j.sedgeo.2021.105877

48. Molenaar, A., Van Daele, M., Vandorpe, T., Degenhart, G., De Batist, M., Urrutia, R., Pino, M., Strasser, M., Moernaut, J., 2021. What controls the remobilization and deformation of surficial sediment by seismic shaking? Linking lacustrine slope stratigraphy to great earthquakes in South-Central Chile. Sedimentology. https://doi.org/10.1111/sed.12856

47. Oswald, P., Strasser, M., Hammerl, C., Moernaut, J., 2021. Seismic control of large prehistoric rockslides in the Eastern Alps. Nature Communications. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-21327-9

46. Lu, Y., Moernaut, J., Bookman, R., Waldmann, N., Wetzler, N., Agnon, A., Marco, S., Alsop, I., Strasser, M., Hubert-Ferrari, A., 2021. A new approach to constrain the seismic origin for prehistoric turbidites as applied to the Dead Sea Basin. Geophysical Research Letters 48(3), e2020GL090947. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090947


45. Moernaut, J., 2020. Time-dependent recurrence of strong earthquake shaking near plate boundaries: a lake sediment perspective. Earth Science Reviews 210, 103344. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103344

44. Wils, K., Van Daele, M., Kissel, C., Moernaut, J., Schmidt, S., Siani, G., Lastras, G., 2020. Seismo-turbidites in Aysén Fjord (southern Chile) reveal a complex pattern of rupture modes along the 1960 megathrust earthquake segment. Journal of Geophysical Research – Solid Earth 125(9), e2020JB019405. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JB019405

43. Franco, A., Moernaut, J., Schneider-Muntau, B., Strasser, M., Gems, B., 2020. The 1958 Lituya Bay tsunami – pre-event bathymetry reconstruction and 3D numerical modelling utilising the computational fluid dynamics software Flow-3D. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 20, 2255-2279. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-2255-2020

42. Schwestermann, T., Huang, J., Konzett, J., Kioka, A., Wefer, G., Moernaut, J., Eglinton, T.I., Strasser, M., 2020. Multivariate statistical and multiproxy constraints on earthquake-triggered sediment remobilization processes in the Central Japan Trench. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 21(6), e2019GC008861. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GC008861

41. Mountjoy, J.J., Georgiopoulou, A., Chaytor, J., Clare, M.A., Gamboa, D., Moernaut, J., 2020. Subaqueous mass movements in the context of observations of contemporary slope failure. Geological Society of London, Special Publications 500. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP500-2019-237

40. Daxer, C., Sammartini, M., Molenaar, A., Pichl, T., Strasser, M., Moernaut, J., 2020. Morphology and spatio-temporal distribution of lacustrine landslides in Wörthersee, Eastern Alps, Austria. Geological Society of London, Special Publications 500. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP500-2019-179

39. Moernaut, J., Wiemer, G., Kopf, A., Strasser, M., 2020. Evaluating the sealing potential of young and thin mass-transport deposits: Lake Villarrica (Chile). Geological Society of London, Special Publications 500.https://doi.org/10.1144/SP500-2019-155

38. Kempf, P., Moernaut, J., Van Daele, M., Sutherland, A., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., De Batist, M., 2020. Paleotsunami record of the past ~4300 years in the complex coastal lake system of Lake Cucao, Chiloé Island, south central Chile. Sedimentary Geology 401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2020.105644

37. Praet, N., Van Daele, M., Collart, T., Moernaut, J., Vandekerkhove, E., Kempf, P., Haeussler, P.J., De Batist, M., 2020. Turbidite stratigraphy in proglacial lakes – deciphering turbidite trigger mechanisms using a statistical approach. Sedimentology. https://doi.org/10.1111/sed.12703


36. Kioka, A., Schwestermann, T., Moernaut, J., Ikehara, K., Kanamatsu, T., Strasser, M., 2019. Event stratigraphy in a hadal oceanic trench: The Japan Trench as sedimentary archive recording recurrent giant subduction zone earthquakes and their role in carbon flux to the deep sea. Frontiers in Earth Sciences 7, 319. doi: 10.3389/feart.2019.00319

35. Sammartini, M., Moernaut, J., Anselmetti, F.S., Hilbe, M., Lindhorst, K., Praet, N., Strasser, M., 2019. An Atlas of Mass-Transport Deposits in Lakes. In: Ogata et al., (eds) Submarine Landslides: Subaqueous Mass Transport Deposits from Outcrops to Seismic Profiles, AGU Geophysical Monograph Series. doi: 10.1002/9781119500513.ch13

34. Molenaar, A., Moernaut, J., Wiemer, G., Dubois, N., Strasser, M., 2019. Earthquake Impact on Active Margins: Tracing Surficial Remobilization and Seismic Strengthening in a Slope Sedimentary Sequence. Geophysical Research Letters 41(11), 1195. doi: 10.1029/2019GL082350 

33. Kioka, A., Schwestermann, T., Moernaut, J., Ikehara, K., Kanamatsu, T., McHugh, C.M., dos Santos Ferreira, C., Wiemer, G., Haghipour, N., Kopf, A.J., Eglinton, T.I., Strasser, M., 2019. Megathrust earthquake drives drastic organic carbon supply into the hadal trench. Nature Scientific Reports 9, 1553.

32. Moernaut, J., Van Daele, M., Heirman, K., Wiemer, G., Molenaar, A., Vandorpe, T., Melnick, D., Hajdas, I., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., De Batist, M., 2019. The subaqueous landslide cycle in south-central Chilean lakes: the role of tephra, slope gradient and repeated seismic shaking. Sedimentary Geology 381, 84-105. doi: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2019.01.002

31. Van Daele, M., Araya-Cornejo, C., Pille, T., Vanneste, K., Moernaut, J., Schmidt, S., Kempf, P., Meyer, I., Cisternas, M., 2019. Distinguishing intraplate from megathrust earthquakes using lacustrine turbidites. Geology. doi: 10.1130/G45662.1


30. Kempf, P., Moernaut, J., De Batist, M., 2018. Bimodal Recurrence Pattern of Tsunamis in South-Central Chile: A Statistical Exploration of Paleotsunami Data. Seismological Research Letters. doi: 10.1785/0220180204

29. Daxer, C., Moernaut, J., Taylor, T., Haas, J.N., Strasser, M., 2018. Late Glacial and Holocene sedimentary infill of Lake Mondsee (Eastern Alps, Austria) and historical rockfall activity revealed by reflection seismics and sediment core analysis. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 111(1), 111-134. DOI: 10.17738/ajes.2018.0008

28. Clare, MA; Chaytor, J.; Dabson, O.; Gamboa, D.; Georgiopoulou, A.; Eady, H.; Hunt, J.; Jackson, C.; Katz, O.; Krastel, S.; Leon, R.; Micallef, A.; Moernaut, J.; Moriconi, R.; Moscardelli, L.; Mueller, C.; Normandeau, A.; Patacci, M.; Steventon, M.; Urlaub, M.; Voelker, D.; Wood, L.; Zane, J., 2018. A consistent global approach for the morphometric characterization of subaqueous landslides. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 477,  https://doi.org/10.1144/SP477.15

27. Boes, E., Van Daele, M., Moernaut, J., Schmidt, S., Jensen, B.J.L., Praet, N., Kaufman, D., Haeussler, P., Loso, M.G., De Batist, M., 2018. Varve formation during the past three centuries in three large proglacial lakes in south-central Alaska. Geological Society of America Bulletin 130 (5-6): 757–774. doi:10.1130/B31792.1 

26. Moernaut, J., Van Daele, M., Fontijn, K., Heirman, K., Kempf, P., Pino, M., Valdebenito, G., Urrutia, R., Strasser, M., De Batist, M., 2018. Larger earthquakes recur more periodically: New insights in the megathrust earthquake cycle from lacustrine turbidite records in south-central Chile. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 481, 9-19. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.10.016


25. Van Daele, M., Meyer, I., Moernaut, J., De Decker, S., Verschuren, D., De Batist, M., 2017. A revised classification and terminology for stacked and amalgamated turbidites in environments dominated by (hemi) pelagic sedimentation. Sedimentary Geology 357, 72-82. doi: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2017.06.007

24. Kempf, P., Moernaut, J., Van Daele, M., Vandoorne, W., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., De Batist, M., 2017. Coastal lake sediments reveal 5500 years of tsunami history in south central Chile. Quaternary Science Reviews 161, 99-116. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.02.018

23. Moernaut, J., Wiemer, G., Reusch, A., Stark, N., De Batist, M., Urrutia, R., Ladrón de Guevara, B., Kopf, A., Strasser, M., 2017. The influence of overpressure and focused fluid flow on subaquatic slope stability in a formerly glaciated basin: Lake Villarrica (South-Central Chile). Marine Geology 383, 35-54. doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2016.11.012

22. Moernaut, J., Van Daele, M., Strasser, M., Clare, M.A., Heirman, K., Viel, M., Cardenas, J., Kilian, R., Ladrón de Guevara, B., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., De Batist, M., 2017. Lacustrine turbidites produced by surficial slope sediment remobiliation: a mechanism for continuous and sensitive turbidite paleoseismic records. Marine Geology 384, 159-176. doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2015.10.009

21. Praet, N., Moernaut, J., Van Daele, M., Boes, E., Haeussler, P.J., Strupler, M., Schmidt, S., Loso, M.G., De Batist, M., 2016. Paleoseismic potential of sublacustrine landslide records in a high-seismicity setting (south-central Alaska). Marine Geology 384, 103-119. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2016.05.004


20. Reusch, A., Moernaut, J., Anselmetti, F.S., Strasser, M., in press. Sediment mobilization deposits from episodic subsurface fluid flow—A new tool to reveal long-term earthquake records? Geology. doi:10.1130/G37410.1

19. Fontijn, K., Rawson, H., Van Daele, M., Moernaut, J., Abarzúa, A.M., Heirman, K., Bertrand, S., Pyle, D.M., Mather, T.A., De Batist, M., Naranjo, J.-a., Moreno, H., 2016. Synchronisation of sedimentary records using tephra: A postglacial tephrochronological model for the Chilean Lake District. Quaternary Science Reviews 137, 234-254. Doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.02.015

18. Van Daele, M., Bertrand, S., Meyer, I., Moernaut, J., Vandoorne, W., Siani, G., Tanghe, N., Ghazoui, Z., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., De Batist, M., 2016. Late Quaternary evolution of Lago Castor (Chile, 45.6S): Timing of the deglaciation in northern Patagonia and evolution of the southern westerlies during the last 17 kyr. Quaternary Science Reviews 133, 130-146. Doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.12.021


17. Kempf, P., Moernaut, J., Van Daele, M., Vermassen, F., Vandoorne, W., Pino, M., Urrutía, R., Schmidt, S., Garrett, E., De Batist, M., 2015. The sedimentary record of the tsunami accompanying the 1960 Great Chilean Earthquake in two coastal lakes on Chiloé Island, Chile. Sedimentary Geology 328, 73-86. doi:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2015.08.004

16. Reusch, A., Loher, M., Bouffard, D., Moernaut, J., Hellmich, F., Anselmetti, F.S., Bernasconi, S.M., Hilbe, M., Kopf, A., Lilley, M.D., Meinecke, G., Strasser, M., 2015. Giant lacustrine pockmarks with subaqueous groundwater discharge and subsurface sediment mobilization. Geophysical Research Letters 42(9), 3465–3473. doi:10.1002/2015GL064179.

15. Van Daele, M., Moernaut, J., Doom, L., Boes, E., Fontijn, K., Heirman, K., Vandoorne, W., Hebbeln, D., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., Brümmer, R., De Batist, M., 2015. A comparison of the sedimentary records of the 1960 and 2010 great Chilean earthquakes in 17 lakes: implications for quantitative lacustrine paleoseismology. Sedimentology, 62(5), 1466-1496. doi:10.1111/sed.12193

14. Wiemer, G., Moernaut, J., Stark, N., Kempf, P., De Batist, M., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., Ladrón de Guevara, B., Strasser, M., Kopf, A., 2015. The role of sediment composition and behavior under dynamic loading conditions on slope failure initiation: a study of a subaqueous landslide in earthquake-prone South-Central Chile. International Journal of Earth Sciences 104(5), 1439-1457. doi:10.1007/s00531-015-1144-8


13. Goldfinger, C., Patton, J.R., Van Daele, M., Moernaut, J., Nelson, C.H., De Batist, M., Morey, A.E., 2014. Comment to: “Can turbidites be used to reconstruct a paleoearthquake record for the central Sumatran margin”, Geology, doi:10.1130/G35558C.1

12. Moernaut, J.,  Van Daele, M., Heirman, K., Fontijn, K., Strasser, M., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., De Batist, M., 2014. Lacustrine turbidites as a tool for quantitative earthquake reconstruction: New evidence for a variable rupture mode in south central Chile, Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, 119, 1607–1633, doi:10.1002/2013JB010738.

11. Van Daele, M., Moernaut, J., Silversmit, G., Schmidt, S., Fontijn, K., Heirman, K., Vandoorne, W., De Clercq, M., Van Acker, J., Wolff, C., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., Roberts, S.J., Vincze, L., De Batist, M., 2014b. The 600 yr eruptive history of Villarrica Volcano (Chile) revealed by annually laminated lake sediments. Geological Society of America Bulletin, doi: 10.1130/B30798.1


10. Heirman, K., De Batist, M., Charlet, F., Moernaut, J., Chapron, E., Brümmer, R., Pino, M., Urrutia, R., 2011. Detailed seismic stratigraphy of Lago Puyehue: implications for mode and timing of glacier retreat in the Chilean Lake District. Journal of Quaternary Science 26(7), 665-674.

9. Moernaut, J., De Batist, M., 2011. Frontal emplacement and mobility of sublacustrine landslides: results from morphometric and seismostratigraphic analysis. Marine Geology 285(1), 29-45.

8. Van Daele, M., Van Welden, A., Moernaut, J., Beck, C., De Batist, M., Audemard, F., Sanchez, J., Jouanne, F., Carrillo, E., Malavé, G., Lemus, A., 2011. Reconstruction of Late Quaternary sea/lake level changes in a tectonically active marginal basin using seismic stratigraphy: the Gulf of Cariaco, NE Venezuela. Marine Geology 279(1-4), 37-51.


7. Garcia Moreno, D., Hubert-Ferrari, A., Moernaut, J., Boës, X., Fraser, J.G., Van Daele, M., Avsar, U., Çagatay, N., De Batist, M., 2010. Structure and recent evolution of the Hazar Basin: a strike-slip basin on the East Anatolian Fault, Eastern Turkey. Basin Research. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2117.2010.00476.x

6. Stefer, S., Moernaut, J., Melnick, D., Echtler, H.P., Arz, H.W., Lamy, F., De Batist, M., Oncken, O., Haug, G.H., 2010. Forearc uplift rates deduced from sediment cores of two coastal lakes in south-central Chile. Tectonophysics. doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2009.05.006.

5. Moernaut, J., Verschuren, D., Charlet, F., Kristen, I., Fagot, M., De Batist, M., 2010. The seismic-stratigraphic record of lake-level fluctuations in Lake Challa: hydrological stability and change in equatorial East-Africa over the last 140 kyr. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 290(1-2), 214-223. 


4. Verschuren, D., Sinninghe Damsté, J., Moernaut, J., Kristen, I., Blaauw, M., Fagot, M., Haug, G. & CHALLACEA project members, 2009. Half-precessional dynamics of monsoon rainfall near the East African equator. Nature 462, 637-641.

3. Moernaut, J., De Batist, M., Heirman, K., Van Daele, M., Pino, M., Brummer, R., Urrutia, R., 2009. Fluidization of buried mass-wasting deposits in lake sediments and its relevance for paleoseismology: Results from a reflection seismic study of lakes Villarrica and Calafquén (South-Central Chile). Sedimentary Geology 213(3-4), 121-135. 


2. Audemard, F.A., Beck, C., Moernaut, J., De Rycker, K., De Batist, M., Sánchez, J., González, M., Sánchez, C., Versteeg, W., Malavé, G., Schmitz, M., Van Welden, A., Carrillo, E., Lemus, A., 2007. La depresión de Guaracayal, estado Sucre, Venezuela: Una cuenca en tracción que funciona como barrera para la propagación de la ruptura cosísmica. Interciencia 32(11), 735-741.

1. Moernaut, J., De Batist, M., Charlet, F., Heirman, K., Chapron, E., Pino, M., Brummer, R., Urrutia, R., 2007. Giant earthquakes in South-Central Chile revealed by Holocene mass-wasting events in Lake Puyehue. Sedimentary Geology 195(3-4), 239-256.

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