University rankings measure and compile a ranking of the "best" universities based on various indicators. Structural differences between the individual universities, such as their field of activity, their funding, their range of subjects or their geographical location, which therefore have a significant influence on the performance result, are not taken into account. Bibliometric indicators such as publications or citations play a central role in the calculation of university rankings. As the individual rankings differ greatly in terms of methodology (indicators, use of citation databases), the individual ranking positions can only be compared with each other to a limited extent.
The University of Innsbruck pays particular attention to five university rankings:
- Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU "Shanghai Ranking")
- CWTS Leiden Ranking
- QS World University Ranking (QS WUR)
- Times Higher Education Ranking (THE WUR)