logo: DETOUR

DETOUR - Towards Pre-trial Detention as Ultima Ratio


The use of alternatives to pretrial detention, however, is not without difficulties for both suspects and practitioners. In the countries represented in the project, the availability of alternatives to pretrial detention and their use vary considerably. They may take less invasive forms, such as release on recognizance with some obligations attached such as reporting regularly to the authorities. But they also may take the form of curfew, electronically monitored curfew, other forms of (police) supervision, or drug treatment. A fundamental problem that may arise from the use of alternatives to pretrial detention is the potential for net-widening and there can also be a “hidden agenda” of e.g. punitive or coercive aims, which may go beyond the legitimate goals. Further problems are the possible exclusion of foreigners or homeless persons from such alternatives. 

This projects aims at exploring and analyzing pre-trial detention practice, especially different ways of reducing the use of pre-trial detention in seven European jurisdictions. It is, on the one hand, focused on the human rights situation of the suspects who in principle should benefit from the presumption of innocence. On the other hand it addresses the views and needs of the judiciary which also depends on available alternatives as well as on other obstacles they experience with respect to the avoidance of pre trail detention. Increasingly, and this will be another focus, cross-border cases need to be solved within the EU, like for instance with the European Supervision order. The project aims at increasing mutual knowledge about other jurisdictions within the EU. Central to all project activities, although not restricted to them, are judges and prosecutors, because they are the ones who decide also dependent on and influenced by given conditions. The project is about learning from and with each other and to contribute to developments fostering the avoidance of pre-trial detention.

The project was funded by the Justice Programme of the European Commission and supported by the Austrian Ministry of Justice.

For more information see project website

Project Partners

  • Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Faculty of Law (EMAU), Germany
  • The National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology (NICC), Belgium
  • University of Utrecht, Faculty of Law (UU), The Netherlands
  • Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), Ireland
  • Law Institute of Lithuania (LIL), Lithuania
  • Associations of Schools of Social Work in Romania (ASSW), Romania

Project Period

January 2016 - December 2018

Project Management

Foto: Walter Hammerschick

Walter Hammerschick


  Comparartive Report


  Country Briefs


First National Reports: Basics on Pre-trial Detention in the partner countries

  1st Austrian report

  1st Belgian report

  1st Dutch report

  1st German report

  1st Irish report

  1st Lithuanian report

  1st Romanian report


Second National Reports: Reports on expert interviews in the partner countries

  2nd Austrian report

  2nd Belgian report

  2nd Dutch report

  2nd German report

  2nd Irish report

  2nd Lithuanian report

  2nd Romanian report

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