Lindsey Nicholson
"Background painting by Jessie Pitt"

Research Interests

  • Glacier-climate interaction
  • Debris-covered glaciers
  • Glacier mass and surface energy balance modelling
  • Climate change impacts on mountain environments
    Mountain geomorphology and hazards



Search in LFU:online



Encyclopaedia, Scientific
  • Cogley, J.G.; Hock, R.; Rasmussen, L.A.; Arendt, A.A.; Bauder, A.; Braithwaite, R.J.; Jansson, P.; Kaser, G.; Möller, M.; Nicholson, L.; Zemp, M. (2011): Glossary of Glacier Mass Balance and Related Terms. Paris: UNESCO (= Technical Documents in Hydrology, 86). (Web link)

Contributions to Books / Journals

Journal Article (Original Paper)
  • Goger, B.; Stiperski, I.; Nicholson, L.; Sauter, T. (2022): Large-eddy Simulations of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer over an Alpine Glacier: Impact of Synoptic Flow Direction and Governing Processes.
    In: Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 148/744, pp. 1319 - 1343. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Racoviteanu, A. E.; Nicholson, L; Glasser, N. F.; Miles, E.; Harrison, S.; Reynolds J. (2022): Debris-covered glacier systems and associated glacial lake outburst flood hazards: challenges and prospects.
    In: Journal Of The Geological Society 179/3, Nr. jgs2021-084. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Chambers, J.R.; Smith, M.W.; Smith, T.; Sailer, R.; Quincey, D.J.; Carrivick, J.L.; Nicholson, L.; Mertes, J.; Stiperski, I.; James, M.R. (2021): Correcting for systematic underestimation of topographic glacier aerodynamic roughness values from Hintereisferner, Austria.
    In: Frontiers in Earth Science 9, p. 691195. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Nicholson, L.; Wirbel, A.; Mayer, C.; Lambrecht, A. (2021): The challenge of non-stationary feedbacks in the response of debris-covered glaciers to climate forcing.
    In: Frontiers in Earth Science 9, Nr. 662695. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Racoviteanu, A.; Nicholson, L.; Glasser, N. (2021): Surface composition of debris-covered glaciers across the Himalaya using spectral unmixing and multi-sensor imagery.
    In: The Cryosphere 15, pp. 4557 - 4588. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Rowan, A.V,; Nicholson, L.; Quincey, D.J.; Gibson, M.J.; Irvine-Fynn, T. D. L.; Watson, C. S.; Wagnon, P.; Rounce, D. R.; Thompson, S. S.; Porter, P. R.; Glasser, N. F. (2021): Seasonally stable temperature gradients through supraglacial debris in the Everest region of Nepal, Central Himalaya.
    In: Journal of Glaciology 67/261, pp. 170 - 181. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Kinnard, C.; Ginot, P.; Surazakov, A.; MacDonell, S.; Nicholson, L.; Patris, N.; Rabatel, A.; Rivera, A.; Squeo, F.A. (2020): Mass Balance and Climate History of a High-Altitude Glacier, Desert Andes of Chile.
    In: Frontiers in Earth Science 8, No. 40. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Mott, R.; Stiperski, I.; Nicholson, L. (2020): Spatio-temporal flow variations driving heat exchange processes at a mountain glacier.
    In: The Cryosphere 14/12, pp. 4699 - 4718. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Nicholson, L.; Stiperski, I. (2020): Comparison of turbulent structures and energy fluxes over exposed and debris-covered glacier ice.
    In: Journal of Glaciology 66/258, pp. 543 - 555. (Full-text) (DOI) (Web link)

  • Smith, S.; Smith, M.; Chambers, J.; Sailer, R.; Nicholson, L.; Mertes, J.; Quincey, D.; Carrivick, J.; Stiperski, I. (2020): A scale-dependent model to represent changing aerodynamic roughness of ablating glacier ice.
    In: Journal of Glaciology 66/260, pp. 950 - 964. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Rastner, P.; Prinz, R.; Notarnicola, C.; Nicholson, L.; Sailer, R.; Schwaizer, G.; Paul, F. (2019): On the Automated Mapping of Snow Cover on Glaciers and Calculation of Snow Line Altitudes from Multi-Temporal Landsat Data.
    In: Remote Sensing 11/12, No. 1410. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Zolles, T.; Maussion, F.; Galos, S. P.; Gurgiser, W.; Nicholson, L. (2019): Robust uncertainty assessment of the spatio-temporal transferability of glacier mass and energy balance models.
    In: The Cryosphere 13, pp. 469 - 489. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Klug, C.; Bollmann, E.; Galos, S. P.; Nicholson, L.; Prinz, R.; Rieg, L.; Sailer, R.; Stötter, J.; Kaser, G. (2018): Geodetic reanalysis of annual glaciological mass balances (2001–2011) of Hintereisferner, Austria.
    In: The Cryosphere 12/3, pp. 833 - 849. (Full-text) (DOI) (Web link)

  • Nicholson, L; McCarthy, M.; Pritchard, H.; Willis I. (2018): Supraglacial debris thickness variability: Impact on ablation and relation to terrain properties.
    In: The Cryosphere 12, pp. 3719 - 3734. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Prinz, R.; Heller, A.; Ladner, M.; Nicholson, L; Kaser, G. (2018): Mapping the Loss of Mt. Kenya’s Glaciers: An Example of the Challenges of Satellite Monitoring of Very Small Glaciers.
    In: Geosciences 8/5, No. 174. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Rieg, L.; Klug, C.; Nicholson, L.; Sailer, R. (2018): Pléiades tri-stereo data for glacier investigations – Examples from the European Alps and the Khumbu Himal.
    In: Remote Sensing 10/10, No. 1563. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Strasser, U.; Marke, T.; Braun, L.; Escher-Vetter, H.; Juen, I.; Kuhn, M.; Maussion, F.; Mayer, C.; Nicholson, L.; Niedertscheider, K.; Sailer, R.; Stötter, J.; Weber, M.; Kaser, G. (2018): The Rofental: a high Alpine research basin (1890 m – 3770 m a.s.l.) in the Ötztal Alps (Austria) with over 150 years of hydro-meteorological and glaciological observations.
    In: Earth System Science Data 10/1, pp. 151 - 171. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Wirbel, A.; Jarosch, A. H.; Nicholson, L. (2018): Modelling debris transport within glaciers by advection in a full-Stokes ice flow model.
    In: The Cryosphere 12/1, pp. 189 - 204. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Benn, D. I.; Thompson, S.; Gulley, J.; Mertes, J.; Luckman, A.; Nicholson, L. (2017): Structure and evolution of the drainage system of a Himalayan debris-covered glacier, and its relationship with patterns of mass loss.
    In: The Cryosphere 11, pp. 2247 - 2264. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Evatt, G. W.; Mayer, C.; Mallinson, A.; Abrahams, I. D.; Heil, M.; Nicholson, L. (2017): The secret life of ice sails.
    In: Journal of Glaciology 63/242, pp. 1049 - 1062. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Galos, S. P.; Klug, C.; Maussion, F.; Covi, F.; Nicholson, L.; Rieg, L.; Gurgiser, W.; Mölg, T.; Kaser, G. (2017): Reanalysis of a 10-year record (2004–2013) of seasonal mass balances at Langenferner/Vedretta Lunga, Ortler Alps, Italy.
    In: The Cryosphere 11/3, pp. 1417 - 1439. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Mertes, J. D; Gulley, J. D.; Benn, D. I.; Thompson, S.S.; Nicholson, L.I. (2017): Using structure-from-motion to create glacier DEMs and orthoimagery from historical terrestrial and oblique aerial imagery.
    In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 42/14, pp. 2350 - 2364. (DOI) (Web link)

  • NICHOLSON, L; MERTES, J. (2017): Thickness estimation of supraglacial debris above ice cliff exposures using a high-resolution digital surface model derived from terrestrial photography.
    In: Journal of Glaciology 63/242, pp. 989 - 998. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Prantl, H.; Nicholson, L.; Sailer, R.; Hanzer, F.; Rastner, P.; Juen, I. (2017): Glacier snowline determination from terrestrial laser scanning intensity data.
    In: Geosciences 7/3, No. 60. (DOI)

  • Hartl, L.; Fischer, A.; Klug, C.; Nicholson, L. (2016): Can a simple numerical model help to fine-tune the analysis of ground-penetrating radar data? Hochebenkar rock glacier as a case study.
    In: Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 48/2, pp. 377 - 393. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Nicholson, L. I.; Pętlicki, M.; Partan, B.; MacDonell (2016): 3-D surface properties of glacier penitentes over an ablation season, measured using a Microsoft Xbox Kinect.
    In: The Cryosphere 10/5, pp. 1897 - 1913. (DOI)

  • Prinz, R.; Nicholson, L. I.; Mölg, T.; Gurgiser, W.; Kaser, G. (2016): Climatic controls and climate proxy potential of Lewis Glacier, Mt Kenya.
    In: The Cryosphere 10/1, pp. 133 - 148. (DOI)

  • Collier, E.; Maussion, F.; Nicholson, L. I.; Mölg, T.; Immerzeel, W. W.; Bush, A. B. G. (2015): Impact of debris cover on glacier ablation and atmosphere–glacier feedbacks in the Karakoram.
    In: The Cryosphere 9, pp. 1617 - 1632. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Collier, E.; Nicholson, L. I.; Brock, B. W; Maussion, F.; Essery, R.; Bush, A. B. G. (2014): Representing moisture fluxes and phase changes in glacier debris cover using a reservoir approach.
    In: The Cryosphere 8/4, pp. 1429 - 1444. (DOI)

  • Gurgiser, W.; Marzeion, B.; Nicholson, L.; Ortner, M.; Kaser, G. (2013): Modeling energy and mass balance of Shallap Glacier, Peru.
    In: The Cryosphere 7, pp. 1787 - 1802. (DOI)

  • Gurgiser, W.; Mölg, T.; Nicholson, L.; Kaser, G. (2013): Mass balance model parameter transferability on a tropical glacier.
    In: Journal of Glaciology 59/217, pp. 845 - 858. (DOI)

  • MacDonell, S.; Kinnard, C.; Mölg, T.; Nicholson, L.; Abermann, J. (2013): Meteorological drivers of ablation processes on a cold glacier in the semi-arid Andes of Chile.
    In: The Cryosphere 7, pp. 1513 - 1526. (DOI)

  • MacDonell, S.; Nicholson, L.; Kinnard, C. (2013): Parameterisation of incoming longwave radiation over glacier surfaces in the semiarid Andes of Chile.
    In: Theoretical And Applied Climatology 111/3-4, pp. 513 - 528. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Mölg, T.; Cullen, N.J.; Hardy, D.; Kaser, G.; Nicholson, L.; Prinz, R.; Winkler, M. (2013): East African glacier loss and climate change: Corrections on the UNEP article "African without ice and snow".
    In: Environmental Development 6, pp. 1 - 6. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Nicholson, L.; Benn, D. I. (2013): Properties of supraglacial debris in relation to surface energy and mass balance modelling of debris covered glaciers.
    In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 38/5, pp. 490 - 501. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Nicholson, L.; Prinz, R.; Mölg, T.; Kaser, G. (2013): Micrometeorological conditions and surface mass and energy fluxes on Lewis glacier, Mt Kenya, in relation to other tropical glaciers.
    In: The Cryosphere 7, pp. 1205 - 1225. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Benn, D.I.; Bolsch, T.; Hands, K.; Gulley, J.; Luckman, A.; Nicholson, L.I.; Quincey, D.; Thompson, S.; Toumi, R.; Wiseman, S. (2012): Response of debris-covered glaciers in the Mount Everest region to recent warming, and implications for outburst flood hazards.
    In: Earth-Science Reviews 114/1-2, pp. 156 - 174. (DOI)

  • Prinz, R.; Nicholson, L.; Kaser, G. (2012): Variations of the Lewis Glacier, Mount Kenya, 2004-2012.
    In: Erdkunde 66/3, pp. 255 - 262. (DOI)

  • Prinz, R.; Fischer, A.; Nicholson, L.; Kaser, G. (2011): Seventy-six years of mean mass balance rates derived from recent and re-evaluated ice volume measurements on tropical Lewis Glacier, Mount Kenya.
    In: Geophysical Research Letters 38, p. L20502. (DOI) (Web link)

  • Rabatel, A.; Castebrunet, H.; Favier, V.; Nicholson, L.; Kinnard, C. (2011): Glacier changes in the Pascua-Lama region, Chilean Andes (29° S): recent mass-balance and 50-year surface-area variations.
    In: The Cryosphere 5, pp. 1029 - 1041. (DOI) (Web link)

Journal Article (Other)
  • Price, Martin F.; Gurgiser, Wolfgang; Juen, Irmgard; Adler, Carolina; Wymann von Dach, Susanne; Kaser, Georg; Mayr, Stefan; Bahn, Michael; Björnsen Gurung, Astrid; Dax, Thomas; Duglio, Stefano; Fischer, Jan-Thomas; Füreder, Leopold; Kurmayer, Rainer; Machold, Ingrid; Mailer, Markus; Marke, Thomas; Marzeion, Ben; McDowell, Graham Matthew; Meyer, Michael; Neuburger, Martina; Nicholson, Lindsey; Nicolussi, Kurt; Oedl-Wieser, Theresia; Peters, Mike; Richter, Kristin; Rotach, Mathias; Rüdisser, Johannes; Ruiz Peyré, Fernando; Rutzinger, Martin; Schermer, Markus; Schirpke, Ute; Schneiderbauer, Stefan; Steiger, Robert; Stotten, Rike; Szarzynski, Joerg; Tappeiner, Ulrike; Ueno, Kenichi; Wohlfahrt, Georg (2022): The International Mountain Conference, Innsbruck, Austria, September 2019 (IMC2019): A Synthesis with Recommendations for Research.
    In: Mountain Research And Development 42/1, pp. A1 - A16. (DOI) (Web link)

Journal Article (Meeting-Abstract)
  • Prinz, R.; Nicholson, L.; Gurgiser, W.; Mölg, T.; Kaser, G. (2016): Climatic controls and climate proxy potential of Lewis Glacier, Mt Kenya.
    In: Geophysical Research Abstracts. EGU General Assembly 18, No. 4959. (Web link)

Book Chapter (Original Paper)
  • Bolch, T.; Liu, Shiyin; Azam, Farooq M.; …, …; Nicholson, Lindsey; et al (2019): Status and Change of the Cryosphere in the Extended Hindu Kush Himalaya Region.
    In: Wester, P.; Mishra, A.; Mukherji, A.; Shrestha, A.: The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment. Mountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People. Cham: Springer International Publishing., ISBN 978-3-319-92287-4, pp. 209 - 255. (DOI) (Web link)

Proceedings Article (Full Paper)
  • Winkler, M.; Prinz, R.; Nicholson, L.; Nicolas, C.; Kinnard, C. (2011): Ice-mounted masts as platforms for micro-meteorological measurements on glaciers.
    In: Tijm-Reijmer, C.H.; Oerlemans, J.: Workshop on the use of automatic measuring systems on glaciers. Extended abstracts and recommendations. IASC Workshop, 23-26 March 2011,Pontresina (Switzerland). Utrecht: University of Utrecht., ISBN 978-90-39356555, pp. 88 - 91. (Web link)

Proceedings Article (Abstract)
  • Rastner, P.; Hanzer, F.; Klug, Ch.; Nicholson, L.; Notarnicola, C.; Prinz, R.; Sailer, R.; Siegmann, M.; Strasser, U. (2014): Uncertainties of meltwater modelling to runoff: scopes of the hiSNOW project.
    In: Abstracts of the International Symposium on The Future of the Glaciers: From the past to the next 100 years, Torino, Italy. Torino: University of Torino., p. 35. (Web link)

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