TracEve - Tracing the evergreen broad-leaved species and their spread
Broad-leaved forests are one of the most widespread forest ecosystems in Europe, and a considerable proportion of those consist of evergreen tree and shrub species. In the course of climate change and changes in forest management, the current distribution of evergreen broad-leaved species has changed significantly. In the TracEve project (Tracing the evergreen broad-leaved species and their spread), the current distribution and the historical spread in selected parts of southern Europe are mapped in order to model potential future distribution areas. In the course of ongoing global warming, it can be assumed that the distribution area will shift further north in the future. The past and current distribution is examined using archived and newly collected vegetation plots in representative protected areas and spatially and temporal mapped using remote sensing time series data and automated information extraction and classification by machine and deep learning approaches. These results contribute to a better understanding of the spatial and temporal distribution of evergreen broad-leaved woody species. On this basis, models for the potential distribution areas of evergreen broad-leaved species will be transferred to Central Europe and the Southern Alps, into which they could expand in the future. The findings of TracEve provide the basis for a better analysis and understanding of biome shifts, derivation of scenarios in order to be able to react to the current biodiversity crisis from the point of view of the importance of remnant forest ecosystems for nature conservation in Europe.