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Colloquium On Violence & Religion



COV&R-Bulletin No. 18 (April 2000) 



Program of the 2000 COV&R conference at Boston College

COV&R 2000 at Boston College

Wed. May 31 to Sat. June 3, 2000

The Colloquium on Violence and Religion is an international and interdisciplinary group of scholars that takes its inspiration from the work of René Girard. Its object is "to explore, criticize, and develop the mimetic model of the relationship between violence and religion in the genesis and maintenance of culture. The Colloquium will be concerned with questions of both research and application. Scholars from various fields and diverse theoretical orientations will be encouraged to participate both in the conferences and the publications sponsored by the Colloquium, but the focus of activity will be the relevance of the mimetic model for the study of religion." Previous meetings have been at Stanford (1996), Graz (1997), Paris/Saint Denis (1998), and Emory (1999). This year's meeting is being sponsored and supported by the following units at Boston College, The Office of the Academic Vice President, The Jesuit Institute, and The Department of Theology.

Main Theme:

Violence and Institution in Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam

Subsidiary Theme:

A René Girard - Bernard J.F. Lonergan "Conversation"

The opening session will run from about 5-9 pm (including a break for a simple supper) on Wed., May 31, and will be devoted to the subsidiary theme: A René Girard - Bernard J. F. Lonergan "Conversation". The pre-supper sessions will feature papers James Alison and Charles C. Hefling. The after-supper session will be devoted to a discussion of these two papers, and to the significance of this "conversation" for the work of COV&R.

The remainder of the conference, Thur. June 1 - Sat. June 3, will be devoted to the main theme: Violence and Institution in Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam. Our starting point is the assumption that people who call themselves Jews, Christians, Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists have been in the past and are in the present, actively and/or passively, involved with violence, and that this involvement has something to do with the theological, religious, cultural, and socio-political institutions of their respective traditions. In other words, however they may be conceived or expressed, "violence" and "institution" are to be found in all of these traditions. But we must not presume that the ways in which Western Civilization understands these realities and tries to make sense of them with the help of mimetic theory will be congenial to people from the other traditions. That is why the main presenters from each of the five traditions will be asked to begin talking about violence and institution first in ways that make sense within that tradition, and second in ways that can also reach out in dialogue to others in the other traditions. Then it will be time to compare notes, see what discussion has begun, and see what sort of light can be shed on the discussion from mimetic theory, or on mimetic theory from the discussion. One scholar from each of these five traditions will be assigned the task of main presenter; others will be assigned to assist in the discussion, especially in relating the discussion to mimetic theory. All participants will be asked to reflect on the theme ahead of time and come prepared to take part in the discussion.

In addition, the Board of COV&R reaffirms the place in our annual conference of special interest subgroups or themes that are not necessarily connected with the main theme. These can be arranged under the "special interests in the following fields" which are listed on the COV&R enrollment form (see Bulletin no. 16 [April 1999] p. 3): - Literary Criticism, Aesthetics; - Political Science, Economics, Social Ethics; - Biblical Theology; - Systematic Theology and Philosophy; - Psychology and Psychiatry; - Education, Practice; - Anthropology, Religious Studies; - Gender Concerns. Within the conference format, these can take the form of papers, practicums, or workshops.

The seven main presenters of the subsidiary and main themes are currently (early February) at work on the first drafts of their presentations. These will be shared among the seven and revised for distribution to the conference participants ahead of time either via this web site or, where needed, by traditional mailing. Thus, when the colloquium actually meets, less time will be needed for the paper presentations, and more can be devoted to continuing the discussion.

Robert J. Daly, S.J., Boston College Department of Theology, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, U.S.A.,

Tel.: (617) 552-3887

Email: dalyr@bc.edu

Colloquium Email: covr2000@bc.edu

Colloquium web site: http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/theo/COVR2000.html


May 31, 2000 5 - 9 pm

Subsidiary Theme: A René Girard - Bernard J.F. Lonergan "Conversation"

James Alison, London, "Girard for the Non-Girardians"

Charles C. Hefling, Jr., Boston College, "Lonergan for the Non-Lonerganians"

The opening session will feature summary presentations by Alison and Hefling. After a break for a simple supper, we will reassemble for a discussion of the two papers and of the significance of this "conversation" for the work of COV&R.

June 1 - 3, 2000

Main Theme: "Violence and Institution in Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism"

Judaism: Reuven Kimelman, Brandeis University. Respondent: Sandor Goodhart, Purdue University

Christianity: Robert J. Daly, Boston College. Respondent: Mark I. Wallace, Swarthmore College

Islam: Qamar-ul Huda, Boston College.

Hinduism: Francis X. Clooney, Boston College.

Buddhism: Christopher Ives, University of Puget Sound.

Conference Schedule

May 30 - June 4, 2000

Unless otherwise indicated,

all sessions will take place in Devlin Hall 008

Tuesday, May 30


Arrival of board members at Boston College Housing

Wednesday, May 31

9 am - 4 pm Pre-Conference

COV&R Advisory Board Meeting,

St. Mary's Hall,

First-Floor Conference Room

1 - 5 pm Conference registration and check-in

at Boston College Housing,

100 More Drive

4;45 pm Welcome and introductory remarks

5 - 9 pm Subsidiary Theme: A René Girard -

Bernard J. F. Lonergan "Conversation"

James Alison, London,

"Girard for the Non-Girardians"

Charles C. Hefling, Jr., Boston College,

"Lonergan for the Non-Lonerganians"

Supper (Lyons Hall Cafeteria)


Thursday, June 1

7:30 - 8:30 am Breakfast at Lower Campus Dining Hall

8 am On-site registration ($70 or $25/day)


Book Exhibit opens (Devlin Hall 007)

9 am Gathering-time/announcements

Plenary Session 1

9:15 am Violence and Institution in Christianity,

Robert J. Daly, S.J.,Boston College

Response: Mark I. Wallace,

Swarthmore College


11 - 11:15 am Break

11:15 am Concurrent Lectures

12 - 3 pm Lunch and midday break

3 - 4 pm Concurrent Workshop/Practicum

4 - 4:15 pm Break

4:15 pm Plenary Session 2

Violence and Institution in Judaism,

Reuven Kimelman, Brandeis University

6 pm Dinner and relaxation

8 pm Plenary Address

Friday, June 2

7:3 - 8:30 am Breakfast at Lower Campus Dining Hall

9 am Gathering-time/announcements

Plenary Session 3

9:15 am Violence and Institution in Islam,

Qamar-ul Huda, Boston College



11 - 11:15 am Break

11:15 am Concurrent Lectures

12 - 3 pm Lunch and midday break

3 - 4 pm Concurrent Workshop/Practicum

4-4:15 pm Break

4:15 pm Plenary Session 4

Violence and Institution in Hinduism,

Francis X. Clooney, S.J., Boston College



6 pm Dinner and relaxation

8 pm Plenary Address

Saturday, June 3

7:30 - 8:30 am Breakfast at Lower Campus Dining Hall

9 am Gathering-time/announcements

9:15 am Violence and Institution in Biddhism,

Christopher Ives, University of Puget




11 - 11:15 am Break

11:15 - 12:30 pm Final Discussion

12:30 pm Lunch

11:15 - 12:30 pm Annual COV&R Business Meeting

Free Afternoon

7:00 pm Social

7:30 pm Banquet

Farewell Celebration

Sunday, June 4 Optional;

Attend Sunday Eucharist (9:30 and 11 am) at Saint Ignatius Church

12 pm Noon deadline for checkout from B. C. Housing

Depart Boston College

Preliminary List of Additional Lectures, Practica, Workshops

Anthony W. Bartlett, "From Anthropology to Soteriology, and Back Again: The Dynamic of Christian Salvation from the Perspective of Mimetic Theory"

Joseph Dunne, "Girard and MacIntyre: Mimesis, Practice, and the Dialectic of Desire"

Lillian Dykes, "Non-Violent 'Religion': the Community of Scapegoats: The Theories of René Girard as Found in the Program of Alcoholics Anonymous"

Kirsten Stammer Fury, "Postmodern Performance and the Victimized Body"

Per Bjornar Grande, "Heresy and Academic Rivalry in Abelard's Historia calamitatum"

Charles Hampton, "Siegrfried Sassoon - a Girardian Hero"

Richard A. Koenigsberg, "Violence and Institution in Nationalism: Dying for One's Country"

Maria Korusiewicz, "Aesthetics of Violence in the Twentieth-Century Western World"

Malachie Munyaneza, "Violence and Institution in African Traditional Religion in the Light of Girardian Mimetic Theory. Case Study: Rwanda in Central Africa

Paul Nuechterlein, "'To Guide Our Feet into the Way of Peace': The Historical Evidence for God's Chosen People"

Richard W. Osborne, "Exile from Eden: A Girardian Perspective on Gender, Scapegoating, and the 'Battle of the Sexes'"

Tom Pace and Rusty Palmer, A Practicum: "Socrates Had It Easy: He Didn't Have to Live with Mimetic Theory

Dawn Perlmutter, "Skandalon at the Millennium: Contemporary Satanic Worship"

John Ranieri, "What Voegelin Missed in the Gospel"

Vern Neufeld Redekop, "Mimetic Structures of Blessing"

Raymund Schwager, "Conversion and Authenticity: Lonergan and Girard"

James G. Williams, "Prayer and the Mimetic Theory"


Abstract from the COV&R meeting in Boston

Abstract of Boston American Academy of Religion COV&R paper (Nov. 20 1999)


The Holy Spirit is the matrix of all Christian experience (James D.G.Dunn). Without Holy Spirit there is no New Testament. Yet in Christian theology the Spirit can often appear as a remainder in the economy of salvation events, its dynamism relegated to the status of an apostolic and

non-current phenomenon. Mimetic anthropology provides a description of the culturally subversive power of the cross (an eschaton of judgment). If it is to be faithful to the creativity of the New Testament should it not

also attempt to describe the regenerative effect of the Spirit (eschaton of a new humanity)?

Using mimesis Borch-Jacobsen (The Freudian Subject) develops the idea of "primitive alteration:" the "self" becoming the self by virtue of already being the "other." Such a radicalization of mimesis allows us to propose the figure of the Crucified as the possibility of myself-as-other, the self as the Christ who has entered by com-passion into the depth of my situation. Through the alterity of Christ the self experiences "alteration," dies to its old self (with Christ) and repeats the self-giving other, that is Christ, in a new, liberated self. Following from this we can then say it is Christ's act of abyssal compassion that gifts the Spirit to humanity: a new principle of human relationality experienced as the reality of the self enters human affairs. Luke-Acts provides evidence of a continuity from the pre-Pentecost situation of Luke 23.48, where the crowd is moved to sorrow, to the full conversion scene of Acts 2.37-38 where the Spirit is received.

Tracking back in the Hebrew Scripture and apocryphal literature we can identify the figure of Wisdom as the culturally evolved pattern for the presence of God's Companion/ Spirit/Torah in creation, then finding her home in Jacob but also rejected (1 Enoch). We might say that this is a work of biblical culture constructing a theological account that progressively shapes the possibility of an alternative way of being human (anthropogenesis). In Christian Scripture this may be understood as the ital cultural background to the emergence of Jesus of Nazareth, personally radicalized by him in his chosen pathway to the cross. Jesus-Wisdom-Spirit opens a decisive new page in the repertoire of human possibility, and the outpouring of the Spirit is the exponential realization of this turning page. The author of Acts presents thematically this new possibility of being human: for example in his telling contrast of being "with one mind" (homothumadon) EITHER around violence and scapegoating, OR through faithfulness to the memory of Jesus and the generative Spirit that results.

Anthony W. Bartlet


Future meetings

Colloque d'Agen, France, November 2000

Theme :

Droits de l'homme et sens de la peine

Speakers (a.o.) will be : René Girard, Paul Ricoeur, Michel Serres et Pierre Legendre

Preliminary data : November 8-10, 2000

For detailed information on program and registration, please contact Marie-Louise Martinez, 50 rue de Sèvres, F-75007 Paris, France, e-mail mlmarti@club-internet.fr

COV&R meeting 2001 in Antwerp, Belgium

(see Bulletin 17)

Changed data : May 31 - June 2, 2000


New Books

René Girard, Je vois Satan tomber comme l'éclair, 304 pages, Grasset 1999. English translation is scheduled for publication by Orbis Books early in 2001.

Documentation of Literature on the Mimetic Theory

The Documentation of Literature on the Mimetic Theory is searchable online via Internet. The World Wide Web adress is: http://starwww.uibk.ac.at [for further information see Bulletin no. 9 (1995): p. 6 or online: http://info.uibk.ac.at/c/c2/c204/drama/bulletin/].

You are welcome to send us copies of your articles as well as to refer to any kind of literature dealing with the Mimetic Theory.

Dietmar Regensburger

E-mail: Dietmar.Regensburger@uibk.ac.at

Girard-Documentation Fax: (43 512) 507-2761

University of Innsbruck, Universitätsstr. 4, A-6020 Innsbruck / Austria


Bibliography of Literature on the Mimetic Theory vol. XVIII

1) Books concerning the entire work of René Girard

Pensando en la violencia: desde Walter Benjamin, Hannah Arendt, René Girard y Paul Ricoeur, ed. Binaburo, J. A. Bakeaz, Centro de Documentación y Estudios para la Paz. Madrid: Libros de la Catarata, 1994.

Santos, Laura Ferreira dos. Pensar o desejo: Freud, Girard, Deleuze. Braga: Universidade do Minho, 1997.

Teixera, Alfredo. A pedra rejeitada: O eterno retorno da violenca e a singularidade da revelacao evangélica na obra de René Girard. Porto: Universidade Católica Portuguesa, 1995.

2) Articles concerning the entire work of René Girard

Hardin, Richard F. "Ritual und Literaturwissenschaft." In. Ritualtheorien: Ein einführendes Handbuch, ed. Belliger, Andrea and Krieger, David J, 339-363. Opladen: Westdetscher Verlag, 1998.

Léger, Marie-France. "La concurrence, la face cachée de la violence." In La Presse, 4 December 1999: B4+.

Neuhaus, Richard John. "The Most Intense Competition: René Girard on "Conspicuous Consumption" among the Affluent." In First Things 74/69 (1997).

Roser, Andreas. "Auschwitz - ein Versöhnungsopfer? Eine Kritik der Kulturanthropologie René Girards." In Sic et non: http://sicetnon.cogito.de/artikel/wesen/girard.htm

Santos, Laura Ferreira dos. "A nao-violencia no pensamento de René Girard." Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 52 (1996): 785-796.

Schubart, Rikke. "Syndebuk, monster, helt: Girard og volden i populaerkulturen." In KandK: Kultur og Klasse. Kritik og Kulturanalyse 27/1 (1999): 53-71.

Sumares, Manuel. "Quanto aos atributos de Deus - De novo, a hipóthese de Réne Girard," Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 50 (1994): 443-447.

Watson, P. J. "Girard and Integration: Desire, Violence, and the Mimesis of Christ as Foundation for Postmodernity." In Journal of Psychology and Theology 26/4 (1998): 311-321.

3) Reviews about single works of René Girard

Diezemann, Nina. "Ein Ritter zu sein, das wär' mein Ideal." Review of "Figuren des Begehrens", by René Girard. In Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 15 February 2000.

Ecker, Ludwig. "Review of "Wenn all das beginnt ... Ein Gespräch mit Michel Treguer", by René Girard." In Theologisch-Praktische Quartalsschrift 146/1 (1998): 83-85.

Léger, Marie-France. "Comprendre la religion à travers la violence." Review of "Je vois Satan tomber comme l'éclair", by René Girard. In La Presse, 4 December 1999: B4+.

4) Books with references to René Girard

Calasso, Roberto. Ka. Aus dem Italienischen von Anna Katharina Fröhlich. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp, 1999.

Choi, Seong Man. Mimesis und historische Erfahrung: Untersuchungen zur Mimesistheorie Walter Benjamins. Frankfurt a. M.: Peter Lang, 1997

Elshtain, Jean Bethke. Women and War. With a new Epilogue. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Gott an den Rändern: Sozialgeschichtliche Perspektiven auf die Bibel. Willy Schrottroff zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Bail, Ulrike. Gütersloh: Kaiser, 1996.

Körtner, Ulrich H. J. Evangelische Sozialethik: Grundlagen und Themenfelder. Göttingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, 1999.

Maccoby, Hyam. Der Heilige Henker: Die Menschenopfer und das Vermächtnis der Schuld. Aus dem Englischen von Eva Heim. Stuttgart: Thorbecke, 1999.

Neuhaus, Gerd. Kein Weltfrieden ohne christlichen Absolutheitsanspruch: Eine religionstheologische Auseinandersetzung mit Hans Küngs "Projekt Weltethos". Quaestiones Disputatae 175. Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 1999.

Philosophie der UnVerbindlichkeit: Einführung in ein ausstehendes Denken, ed. Janssen, Paul a.o. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 1995.

Vattimo, Gianni. Die transparente Gesellschaft. Herausgegeben von Peter Engelmann. Wien: Edition Passagen, 1992.

Vanderhaar, Gerard A. Beyond Violence: In the Spirit of the Non-Violent Christ. Mystic: Twenty-Third Publications, 1998.

Vattimo, Gianni. Jenseits der Interpretation: Die Bedeutung der Hermeneutik für die Philosophie. Aus dem Italienischen von Martina Kempter. Frankfurt, New York: Campus Verlag, 1997.

Whitmer,-Barbara. The Violence Mythos. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997.

5) Articles with references to René Girard

Alford, C. F. "Whistle-Blowers: How Much We Can Learn from Them Depends on How Much We Can Give Up." In American Behavioral Scientist 43/2 (1999): 264-277.

Bartsch, S. "Ars and the Man: The Politics of Art in Virgil's "Aeneid"." In Classical Philology 93/4 (1998): 322-342.

Bell, V. "Mimesis as Cultural Survival: Judith Butler and Anti-Semitism." In Theory Culture & Society 16/2 (1999): 133+.

Bollinger, L. "Miracles Are Expensive: The Complicated Metaphors of Subjectivity in the "Sacred Fount"." In Henry James Review 20/1 (1999): 51-68.

Burwick, F. Lessings "Laokoon": Context and Reception." In Poetics Today 20/2 (1999): 147-154.

Chester, D. K. The Theodicy of Natural Disasters: Christianity, Suffering, and Responsibility." In Scottish Journal of Theology 51/4 (1998): 485-504.

Cohen, P. "Rethinking the Diasporama." In Patterns of Prejudice 33/1 (1999): 3-22.

Collins, Douglas. "From Myth to Market: Bataille's Americas Lost and Found ." In Anthropoetics V/ 2 (Fall 1999/Winter 2000): http://www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu/

Curran, V. G. "The Legalization of Racism in a Constitutional State: Democracy Suicide in Vichy France." In Hastings Law Journal 50/1 (1998): 1-96.

Davidson, C. "The Sacrifice of Isaac in Medieval English Drama." In Papers on Language and Literature 35/1 (1999): 28-55.

Day, R. E. "The Virtual Game: Objects, Groups, and Games in the Works of Pierre Levy." In Information Society 15/4 (1999): 265-271.

Dillon, M. "Another Justice." In Political Theory 27/2 (1999): 155-175.

Falvo, J. "Ritual and Ceremony in Boccaccio's "Decameron"." In Modern Language Notes 114/1 (1999): 143-156.

Fernie, E. "Shame in "Othello"." In Cambridge Quarterly 28/1 (1999): 19-45.

Filihia, M. "Rituals of Sacrifice in Early Post?European Contact Tonga and Tahiti." In Journal of Pacific History 34/1 (1999): 5-22.

Gans, Eric. "Adorers of Literature Scared of Criticism". In Chronicles of Love and Resentment No. 188, November 20, 1999: http://www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu/views/vw188.htm

Gans, Eric. "Oulipo." In Chronicles of Love and Resentment No. 187, November 6, 1999:http://www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu/views/vw187.htm

Gans, Eric. "Postmodern GA." In Chronicles of Love and Resentment No. 180, September 4, 1999: http://www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu/views/vw180.htm

Gans, Eric. "Sacrificing Culture." In Chronicles of Love and Resentment No. 184, October 9, 1999 http://www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu/views/vw184.htm

Gans, Eric. "Three Kinds of Authority." In Chronicles of Love and Resentment No. 186, October 30, 1999: http://www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu/views/vw186.htm

Gans, Eric. "The Last Word in Lyric: Mallarme's Silent Siren." In New Literary History 30/4 (1999): 785-814.

Gans, Eric. "Whither GA?" In Chronicles of Love and Resentment No. 197, February 5, 2000: http://www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu/views/vw197.htm

Gefin, L. K. "Auerbach Stendhal: Realism, Figurality, and Refiguration." In Poetics Today 20/1 (1999): 27-40.

Germino. D. and Fennema, M. "Antonio Gramsci on the Culture of Violence and Its Overturning." In Philosophical Forum 29/3-4 (1998): 182-205.

Gunkel, D. "Escape Velocity: "Exodus" and Postmodernism." In Soundings 81/3-4 (1998): 439-459.

Jenkins, J. L. "The Little Hour of Violence: Domesticity and Desire in James' the "Other House"." In Henry James Review 20/2 (1999): 166-184.

Jones, J. "The Beauty Queen as Deified Sacrificial Victim." In Theatre History Studies 18 (1998): 99-106.

Kenney, T. "From Francesca to Francesco: Transcribing the Tale of Passion from the "Inferno" the "Paradiso", or Thomas Aquinas as Romancier." In Religion & Literature 31/1 (1999): 61-73.

Kirsner, Inge. "Heilige und blutige Hochzeiten: Zum Begriff des Opfers im Film." In Wenn Kunst zum Kult wird: Die Wiederentdeckung des Kultes in der Kunst - Anfragen an die Religion, ed. Anhelm, Fritz Erich, 59-75. Loccumer Protokolle 8/97. Loccum: Evangelische Akademie Loccum, 1997.

Kohan, K. "Victims of Metaphor in the "Wings of the Dove"." In Henry James Review 20/2 (1999): 135-154.

Kramer, Kirsten. "Phantasmen des Historischen: Zur Poetik der Geschichte in Chateaubriands "Mémoires d'outre-tombe"." In Mimesis und Simulation, ed. Kablitz, Andreas and Neumann, Gerhard, 631-668. Rombach Wissenschaften: Reihe Litterae 52. Freiburg im Breisgau: Rombach, 1998.

Lacapra, D. "Trauma, Absence, Loss." In Critical Inquiry 25/4 (1999): 696-727.

Livingston, P. "Intentionalism in Aesthetics." In New Literary History 29/4 (1998): 831-846.

Macadam, A. "The Rhetoric of Jealousy in Machado de Assis' "Dom Casmurro"." In Hispanic Review 67/1 (1999): 51-62.

Mavroudeas, S. "Regulation Theory: The Road from Creative Marxism to Postmodern Disintegration." In Science & Society 63/3 (1999): 310-337.

Murphy, Nancy. "John Howard's Yoder Systematic Defence of Christian Pacifism." In The Wisdom of the Cross: Essays in Honor of John Howard Yoder, ed. Hauerwas, Stanley a.o., 45-68. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999.

Nordhofen, Eckhard. "Die Zukunft des Monotheismus." In Merkur 53 (1999): 828-846.

Nothelle?Wildfeuer, Ursula. "Kirche im Kontrast oder Kirche in der Welt? Zur Grundlegung und Eigenart christlicher Weltverantwortung." In Münchner Theologische Zeitschrift 43 (1992) 347-366.

Oconnor, M. "Mana, Magic and (Post?)Modernity: Dissenting Futures in Aotearoa." In Futures 31/2 (1999): 171-190.

Oliveira, Maria Clara Costa. "A Autopoiesis e a fundamentacao das Ciencas Humanas." In Revista de Educacao 3/2 (1993): 9-22.

Palermo, G. B. and Ross, L. E. "Mass Murder, Suicide, and Moral Development: Can We Separate the Adults from the Juveniles." In International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Crimonology 43/1 (1999): 8-20.

Pippin, T. "Job?Xlii,1?6,10?17: Between Text and Sermon." In Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 53/3 (1999): 299-303.

Plesch, V. "Killed by Words: Grotesque Verbal Violence and Tragic Atonement in French Passion?Plays." In Comparative Drama 33/1 (1999): 22-55.

Provenzano, V. "Le?Non?Danti?Oedipe." In Literature and Psychology 45/3 (1999): 51-62.

Rasula, J. "When the Exception Is the Rule: "Don Quixote" as Incitement to Literature." In Comparative Literature 51/2 (1999): 123-151.

Ray, L. "Fundamentalism, Modernity and the New Jacobins." In Economy and Society 28/2 (1999): 198-221.

Ray, L. "Memory, Trauma and Genocidal Nationalism." In Sociological Research Online 4/2 (1999): U13-U22.

Reid, R. L. "Epiphanal Encounters in Shakespearean Dramaturgy." In Comparative Drama 32/4 (1998): 518-540.

Remshardt, R. E. "Dionysus in Deutschland: Nietzsche, Gruber, and the "Bacchae"." In Theatre Survey 40/1 (1999): 30-49.

Rix, R. W. "Was Oedipus Framed?: The Suspension of Guilt in Sophocles' "Oedipus Rex"." In Orbis Litterarum 54/2 (1999): 134-145.

Scodel, R. "Domon Agalma: Virgin Sacrifice and Aesthetic Object." In Transactions of the American Philolocical Association 126 (1996): 111-128.

Tietchen, T. F. "Samplers and Copycats: The Cultural Implications of the Postmodern Slasher in Contemporary American Film." In Journal of Popular Film and Television 26/3 (1998): 98-107.

Toole, D. C. "Divine Ecology and the Apocalypse: A Theological Description of Natural Disasters and the Environmental Crisis." In Theology Today 55/4 (1999): 547-561.

Vandenberghe, F. "The Real Is Relational: An Epistemological Analysis of Pierre Bourdieu's Generative Structuralism." In Sociological Theory 17/1 (1999): 32-67.

Wallace, J. R. "Reading the Rhetoric of Seduction in "Izumi Shikibu Nikki"." In Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 58/2 (1998): 481-512.

Yamamoto, K. "The Origin of Ethics and Social?Order in a Society Without State Power." In Collegium Antropologicum 23/1 (1999): 221-229.

Yared.. A. "In the Name of Annah: Islam and Salam in Joyce's "Finnegans Wake"." In James Joyce Quarterly 35/2-3 (1998): 401-438.

6) Books applying the mimetic theory

Bellinger, Charles K. The Genealogy of Violence: Reflections on Creation, Freedom, and Evil. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Dumouchel, Paul and Dupuy, Jean-Pierre. Die Hölle der Dinge: René Girard und die Logik der Ökonomie (L'enfer des choses, german). Mit einem Nachwort von René Girard. Herausgegeben von Erich Kitzmüller und Herwig Büchele. Aus dem Französischen von Vanessa Redak und Erich Kitzmüller. Beiträge zur mimetischen Theorie 9. Thaur: Druck-und Verlagshaus; Münster: LIT, 1999.

Girard, René: Je vois Satan tomber comme l'éclair. Paris: Grasset, 1999.

Goodhart, Sandor. Sacrificing Commentary: Reading the End of Literature. Baltimore, London: The John Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Head, Hayden?Maxwell. Envy, Emulation, and Scapegoating in Shakespeare's Second Tetralogy: A Girardian Reading of "Richard II" through "Henry V". Ph. D. Diss., University of Dallas, 1998.

Korusiewicz, Maria. Kategoria tragicznosci w mysli René Girarda. Ph. D. Diss., University of Slaski, Katowice, 1998.

Mabiala ma Kobola, Felix. Erlösung und Entwicklung der Völker: Die Problematik der Gewalt, der Inkulturationsprozeß in Schwarzafrika und die Neugeburt zum Leben in Fülle. Theologia Actualis 1. Winzer: Duschl, 1998.

Niewiadomski, Józef. Herbergsuche: Auf dem Weg zu einer christlichen Identität in der modernen Kultur. Beiträge zur mimetischen Theorie 7. Thaur: Druck- und Verlagshaus; Münster: LIT, 1999.

Silva, Joao Henrique. Essai coisa que nos olha no espelho: René Girard e uma leitura girardiana de um romance de Milan Kunderna. Porto: Universidade Católica Portuguesa, 1998.

Taylor, Simon J. Sacrifice, Revelation and Salvation in the Thought of René Girard. Ph. D. Diss., University of Oxford, 1998.

Wallace, Mark I. Fragments of the Spirit: Nature, Violence, and the Renewal of Creation. New York: Continuum, 1996.

7) Articles applying the mimetic theory

Agawukakraba, Y. "Desire, Psychoanalysis, and Violence: Juan Jose El Millas' "Desorden de Tu Nombre"." In Anales de la Literatura Espanola Contemporanea 24/1-2 (1999): 17-34.

Austin, Ronald. "Sacrificing Images: Violence and the Movies." In Image: A Journal of the Arts and Religion 20 (Summer 1998): 23-28.

Bandera, Cesareo. "Tasso and the Epic: A Girardian Reading." In Annali d' Italianistica 15 (1997): 109-124.

Cochetti, Stefano. "Die Aporie des Heiligen: Der Opferbegriff bei Bataille und Girard." In Georges Bataille. Vorreden zur Überschreitung, ed. Hetzel, Andreas and Wiechens, Peter, 243-256. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 1999.

Cocetti, Stefano. "Emanzipation der Rache und mimetischer Glaube: Die nukleare Abschreckung im Rückblick. Ein neomimetisch?kommunikationstheoretischer Ansatz." In Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen 6/1 (1999) 41-91.

Desmond, John F. "Violence and the Christian Mystery: A Way to Read Flannery O'Connor." In Flannery O'Connor and the Christian Mystery, ed. Murphy, John J. a.o., 129-147. Provo, UT: Center for the Study of Christian Values in Literature, Brigham Young University, 1997.

Dunn, J. A. "Charlotte Dacre and the Feminization of Violence." In Nineteenth-Century Literature 53/3 (1998): 307-327.

Durand, Alain?Philippe. "Le Monde d'O fisico prodigioso selon Girard." In Romance Notes 37/2 (1997): 207-216

Girard, Rene, Gregory, Patrick (translator). "From Mimetic Desire to the Monstrous Double." In Mimesis, Masochism, and Mime: The Politics of Theatricality in Contemporary French Thought, ed. Murray, Timothy, 87-111. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997.

Graarup, Kasper. "Den korsfaestede idiot: Dmitrij Karamazov, mimetisk begaer og jurodstvo." In Svantevit: Dansk Tidsskrift for Slavistik 19/2 (1998): 49-66.

Grote, J. and Sun, P. H. "Prelapsarian Perfection and Blurred Distinctions." In Technology and Culture 40/4 (1999): 866-871.

Herzog, Markwart. "Scharfrichterliche Medizin: Zu den Beziehungen zwischen Henker und Arzt, Schafott und Medizin." In Medizinhistorisches Journal 29/4 (1994): 309-331.

Palaver, Wolfgang. "Biblisches Ethos und Politik." In Theologische Ethik heute: Antworten für eine humane Zukunft. Hans Halter zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. Bondolfi, Alberto and Münk, Hans J., 353-370. Zürich: NZN Buchverlag, 1999.

Palaver, Wolfgang. "Christliche Ethik." In Perspektiven der Ethik, ed. Reinalter, Helmut, 177-201. Interdisziplinäre Forschungen 8. Innsbruck: Studien?Verlag, 1999.

Perlmutter, Dawn. "The Sacrificial Aesthetic: Blood Rituals from Art to Murder ." In Anthropoetics V/ 2 (Fall 1999/Winter 2000): http://www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu/

Placher, W. C. "Christ Takes Our Place: Rethinking Atonement." In Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 53/1 (1999): 5-20.

Regard, Frederic. "Shakespeare, Joyce, Burgess: Le Roman d'une vie "mimetique"." In La Biographie litteraire en Angleterre (XVIIe - XXe siecles): Configurations, reconfigurations du soi artistique, ed. Regard, Frederic. 199?221. Saint?Etienne: Universite de Saint-Etienne, 1999.

Schneider, M. "Problematic Differences: Conflictive Mimesis in Lessing's "Laokoon"." In Poetics Today 20/2 (1999): 273-289.

Tijmes, Pieter. "Philosophy in the Service of People." In Technology in Society 21/2 (1999): 175-189.

Valletta, Clement. "A "Christian Dispersion" in Don DeLillo's "The Names"." In Christianity and Literature 47/4 (1998): 403-425.