Projects and Science

Spain
Europe

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Spain, Zaragoza, double whorl spindles
Spanish double-whorl-spindles with iron hook at the tip from the province of Zaragoza. This type of spindle is mainly used for plying. Lengths with hook: 12.6" and 12.8". Whorl diameters: 1.53" (upper whorl of left spindle), 1.33" (lower whorl of left spindle), 1.85" (upper and lower whorl of right spindle).
Spain, Valladolid, Lleida_spindles
Wooden Spanish spindles with spiral tip. Left: from Valladolid, Castile and León, Central Spain. Length: 12.87"; Right: from the Vall Fosca, Lleida (Lérida) Province, Catalonia, Northeast Spain. Length: 9.72".
Spain, Zaragoza, spindles
Wooden Spanish spindles with spiral tip from the province of Zaragoza. The upper part of the spindle to the left is broken and it a new notch was carved into the broken end. Preserved length of the broken spindle: 9"; Length of the fully intact spindle: 13.38".
Spain, iron spindle
Iron sheet spindle with spiral top. Weight: 122 g (4.3 oz.); Length: 16.14".
Spain, Zaragoza, miniature spindle
Very small spindle from the province of Zaragoza. Secondary cut marks on the otherwise turned spindle show that it was once much larger. Probably it was originally even a double-whorl-spindle that broke irreparably, and the present fragment was perhaps used as a toy. Preserved length: 5.3".
Spain, Galicia, spindles
Wooden Spanish spindles with spiral tip from Galicia, Northwest Spain. Lengths: 8.85", 12.36" and 13.97".

 

Spain, distaff, spindle
Pastoral distaff and spindle. The distaff was carved from a slightly curved branch and, like the spindle, painted red-green-blue. The spindle was originally used as a bobbin/spindle in a textile mill and is here in secondary use. The distaff and spindle is an ensemble as the painting in identical colors show. Length of distaff: 32.6", length of spindle: 10,47". First half 20 century.

 

Spain, distaff
Pastoral distaff. Inside the larger of the two knob-like areas there is an object that produces a rattling noise when shaking the distaff. Length: 38".

 

Cotton mill spindle

cotton mill bobbin, spindle




Bobbin/spindle used to spin cotton yarn at a textile mill. Detail from a patent drawing. Patent #: US003199283. US Patent with drawings and full specifications that explain how these bobbins are/were used.  (21.07.2016).



 

 

 

Spinner in Vivian Cotton Mills
Spindles in cotton mill. Photo by: Lewis W. Hine (1874-1940), November 1908.
Title of photo: “Spinner in Vivian Cotton Mills, Cherryville, N.C. Been at it 2 years. Where will her good looks be in ten years? Location: Cherryville, North Carolina.”

Spain_map


Spain, Almudévar, spindles for spinning and plying
Women from Almudévar, Huesca province, demonstrate the processing, spinning, plying and knitting of wool.

Different spindles are used for spinning and plying. The distaff consists of a wooden or bamboo pole split at the top and the wool fibers are clamped into the gap.
A: spindle for spinning, B: distaff for spinning C: double-whorl spindle for plying.
Images from a Video on YouTube: Las hilanderas de Almudévar, Huesca. Sin Ir Más Lejos

 



Spain. Almudévar. plying from a pole

Woman from Almudévar, Huesca province, is plying from a pole. 2009.

Images from a YouTube-video: hilanderasdealmudevar


Bild aus einem Video auf YouTube: Las hilanderas de Almudévar, Huesca. Sin Ir Más Lejos  

Spain, Catalania, spinning and plying

Woman from Catalonia spins and plies yarn with two different spindles. A: spindle for spinning, B: top-whorl spindle for plying. The distaff consists of a wooden or bamboo pole split at the top and the wool fibers are clamped into the gap. Before plying yarn from two spindles is wound together to a ball. During plying the spindle is rubbed down the thigh. Images from a YouTube-video: Filar la llana al Maestrat, la Sénia 18 6 2001

 

Mallorca (Spain)
Balearic Islands

Spain, Mallorca, Pollensa, woman spinning

Woman from Pollensa spinning.