Sources of Meaning and Meaning in Life Questionnaire (SoMe)

 

DESCRIPTION: The Sources of Meaning and Meaning in Life Questionnaire (SoMe) measures 26 sources of meaning and, independently of these, separate scales to assess meaningfulness – a fundamental sense of purpose, orientation, coherence, and belonging, and crisis of meaning – the evaluation of life as frustratingly empty and lacking meaning.

NUMBER OF ITEMS: 151 items, measuring 26 sources of meaning, meaningfulness and crisis of meaning.

RELIABILITY:

  • Internal consistencies range from .85–.91 for the dimensions (M = .88), and .59–.95 for the scales (M = .76; N = 322). See table 1.
  • Sources of meaning, meaningfulness and crisis of meaning show a high short-term stability; 2-month test-retest stability coefficients average .81 for the scales, .90 for the dimensions (German data).
  • Stability of sources of meaning and meaningfulness is still high after an interval of 6 months (.72 for the scales, .78 for the dimensions); for crisis of meaning, it is .48 (German data).

 

Table  1.  SoMe  scales and dimensions,  with  internal consistencies (N = 322).

Scale/Dimension

 

Internal  consistency (α)

Meaningfulness 

 

.80

Crisis of Meaning 

 

.92

Selftranscendence 

 

.87

Vertical Selftranscendence 

.87 

Explicit Religiosity 

.95

Spirituality 

.76

Horizontal Selftranscendence 

.87 

Social Commitment 

.59

Unison with Nature     

.85

Self-Knowledge 

.83

Health 

.67

Generativity 

.70

Selfactualization 

.91

Challenge 

.59

Individualism 

.58

Power 

.65

Development 

.79

Achievement 

.66

Freedom 

.89

Knowledge 

.69

Creativity 

.86

Order 

.85

Tradition 

.72

Practicality 

.74

Morality

.64

Reason

.62

Well-Being and Relatedness

.90

Community

.67

Fun

.71

Love

.78

Comfort

.64

Care

.75

Attentiveness

.72

Harmony

.87

         

 

Lavigne, K. M., Hofman, S., Ring, A. J., Ryder, A. G., & Woodward, T. S. (2013). The personality of meaning in life: Associations between dimensions of life meaning and the Big Five. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 8(1), 34-43.