University of Innsbruck


Dr. Nicole Cruz

Quantitative Methods Research Group

Innrain 9; room: 9 (1. floor)
Office hours: by appointment
Phone: +43 (0)512 507-560xx


Research interests:

The cognitive science of reasoning and decision making, especially in situations in which the information we have available to make inferences is uncertain and  changeable. For example, our subjective probability for "If it rains then the trip will be cancelled" may be different depending on the information we have available about the weather and the trip. This work draws on methodological tools from experimental psychology, formal logic (especially probabilistic logic) and computational modelling (especially Bayesian approaches).

Sample publications:

  • Cruz, N., & Over, D. (in press). Independence conditionals. In S. Kaufmann, D. Over, & G. Sharma (Eds.), Conditionals - logic, linguistics and psychology. Palgrave MacMillan.
  • Meyer-Grant, C., Cruz, N., Singmann, H., Winiger, S., Goswami, S., Hayes, B. K., & Klauer, K. C. (in press). Are logical intuitions only make-believe? reexamining the logic-liking effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.
  • Hayes, B., Stephens, R. G., Lee, M. D., Dunn, J. C., Kaluve, A., Choi-Christou, J., & Cruz, N. (2022). Always look on the bright side of logic? testing explanations of intuitive sensitivity to logic in perceptual tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.
  • Burton, J. W., Cruz, N., & Hahn, U. (2021). Reconsidering evidence of moral contagion in online social networks. Nature Human Behavior.
  • Cruz, N., Hahn, U., Fenton, N., & Lagnado, D. (2020). Explaining away, augmentation, and the assumption of independence. Frontiers in Psychology: Special topic Causal Reasoning in Humans and Machines, 11 (502751).
  • Cruz, N. (2020). Deduction from uncertain premises? In S. Elqayam, I. Douven, J. S. B. T. Evans, & N. Cruz (Eds.), Logic and Uncertainty in the Human Mind (pp. 27–41). Taylor & Francis.
  • Oaksford, M., Over, D., & Cruz, N. (2019). Paradigms, possibilities, and probabilities: Comment on Hinterecker et al. (2016). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45 (2), 288–297.
  • Paulus, F., Cruz, N., & Krach, S. (2018). The impact factor fallacy. Frontiers in Psychology, 9 (1487).
  • Cruz, N., Baratgin, J., Oaksford, M., & Over, D. (2015). Bayesian reasoning with ifs and ands and ors. Frontiers in Psychology, 6 (192).
  • Cruz, N., & Oberauer, K. (2014). Comparing the meanings of ’if’ and ’all’. Memory & Cognition, 42, 1345–1356.

Teaching topics:

Thinking & Reasoning; Statistics with R; Bayesian statistics; The replication crisis: empirical and theory-related issues.

Further Projects:

Nach oben scrollen