Degree Theses and Publications

 European Slaves:
Christians in African
Pirate Encounters

Plakat ESCAPE

News 

Radio report
"Diagonal zum Thema: Sklaverei", Ö1, February 29, 2020.
"Das Inhaltsverzeichnis", 4:28 min.
"Deutschsprachige Sklavenberichte aus Nordafrika", 5:01 min.

Online article
"Vormoderne Sklaverei am Mittelmeer", science.ORF.at, December 6, 2019, online.

Newspaper article
"Piraten lockten 50.000 Besucher nach Ambras", Tiroler Tagezeitung, September 11, 2019.

Online article
Piraterie und Sklaverei: Auf Menschenjagd im MittelmeerDer Standard,  July 2, 2019, online.

Newspaper article
"Wie ein Tiroler Bauer von Piraten versklavt wurde", Tiroler Tageszeitung Magazin, July 15, 2018.

Newspaper article
"Menschenhandel im Mittelmeerraum", Die Presse, June 9, 2018.

Lecture
Robert Spindler (Innsbruck), "Renegados: Converted Christians in British Barbary Captivity Narratives", International Symposium Buccaneers, Corsairs, Pirates and Privateers: Connecting the Early Modern Seas, Bielefeld University, 13.04.2018.

Lecture
Robert Spindler (Innsbruck), "Three Early Modern Barbary Captivity Narratives in the German Language and their Portrayal of Islam", Mediterranean Collaborative, Consortium for the Study of the Premodern World at the University of Minnesota, 08.11.2017.

Lecture
Robert Spindler (Innsbruck), "Masters, Agusins and Renegados: Portrayals of Muslims in Early Modern Barbary Captivity Narratives from Germany and Austria", SAGES Program, Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, 04.11.2017.

Newspaper article
"Auf zum Entern!", Der Standard.

Lecture
Robert Spindler (Innsbruck), "Merckwürdige Lebens- und Reisebeschreibung: Der Bericht des Johann Michael Kühn", Erzählen zwischen Fakt und Fiktion (workshop), Innsbruck, 23.02.2017.

Article
German article about our conference on "Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean: 1530-1810" in Innsbruck.

Newspaper article
"Als christlicher Gefangener unter Piraten", Der Standard.


Contact us:

Mario Klarer
Project Leader

Phone:
+43 (0)512 507 4172

Fax:
+43 (0)512 507 2879

E-mail:
mario.klarer@uibk.ac.at

Mail:
Institut für Amerikastudien
Universität Innsbruck
Innrain 52
6020 Innsbruck
AUSTRIA

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Degree Theses and Publications

Publications

Piracy and Captivity

Klarer, Mario, ed. Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean: 1550-1810. London: Routledge, 2019a. 281pp.

Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean explores the early modern genre of European Barbary Coast captivity narratives from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. During this period, the Mediterranean Sea was the setting of large-scale corsairing that resulted in the capture or enslavement of Europeans and Americans by North African pirates, as well as of North Africans by European forces, turning the Barbary Coast into the nemesis of any who went to sea.

Through a variety of specifically selected narrative case studies, this book displays the blend of both authentic eye witness accounts and literary fictions that emerged against the backdrop of the tumultuous Mediterranean Sea. A wide range of other primary sources, from letters to ransom lists and newspaper articles to scientific texts, highlights the impact of piracy and captivity across key European regions, including France, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Scandinavia, and Britain, as well as the United States and North Africa.

Divided into four parts and offering a variety of national and cultural vantage points, Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean addresses both the background from which captivity narratives were born and the narratives themselves. It is essential reading for scholars and students of early modern slavery and piracy.


Verschleppt, Verkauft, Versklavt

Klarer, Mario, ed. Verschleppt – Verkauft – Versklavt: Deutschsprachige Sklavenberichte aus Nordafrika (1550-1800). Edition und Kommentar. Wien: Böhlau, 2019b. 249pp.

Von Piraten auf hoher See verschleppt, am Sklavenmarkt verkauft und in Nordafrika versklavt – diese Schicksal ereilte in der frühen Neuzeit hunderttausende Europäerinnen und Europäer. Mit dem Erstarken islamischer und christlicher Mittelmeerpiraterie wurden zwischen dem 16. und dem frühen 19. Jahrhundert Christen aus allen Regionen Europas in den Gebieten des heutigen Libyen, Algerien und Tunesien sowie dem unabhängigen Königreich Marokko versklavt oder als Geiseln festgehalten. Eine beachtliche Zahl von freigekauften oder entflohenen Sklaven hat nach Rückkehr in die Heimat autobiografische Berichte verfasst, die von der Forschung bisher stark vernachlässigt wurden. Dies ist umso verwunderlicher, da gerade diese authentischen aber gleichzeitig spektakulären Erlebnisberichte einen großen Einfluss auf die Gattung des frühen Romans ausgeübt haben. Die vorliegende repräsentative Auswahl deutschsprachiger Berichte macht diese Textgattung erstmals einer breiten Öffentlichkeit zugänglich.


 Cervantes to Rousseau

Klarer, Mario, ed. Mediterranean Slavery and World Literature: Captivity Genres from Cervantes to Rousseau. London: Routledge, 2019c.

Mediterranean Slavery and World Literature is a collection of selected essays about the transformations of captivity experiences in major early modern texts of world literature and popular media, including works by Cervantes, de Vega, Defoe, Rousseau, and Mozart. Where most studies of Mediterranean slavery, until now, have been limited to historical and autobiographical accounts, this volume looks specifically at literary adaptations from a multicultural perspective, complementing the companion volume Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean: 1550–1810 by Mario Klarer.


Piraten und Sklaven im Mittelmeer

Piraten und Sklaven im Mittelmeer. Eine Ausstellung in Schloss Ambras Innsbruck. 20. Juni bis 6. Oktober 2019. Eds. Sabine Haag, Mario Klarer and Veronika Sandbichler. Wien: Kunsthistorisches Museum, 2019. 196pp.

Klarer, Mario, ed. Christian Slaves among Islamic Pirates: An Anthology of Barbary Coast Captivity Narratives (1550–1810). New York: Columbia University Press, forthcoming 2020.

Klarer, Mario, ed. Piracy and Slavery in the Early Modern Mediterranean: A Sourcebook of Arabic and Ottoman Texts. Berkeley: University of California Press, forthcoming 2021.

Klarer, Mario. “Before Barbary Captivity Narratives: Slavery, Ransom, and the Economy of Christian Virtue in The Good Gerhard (ca. 1220) by Rudolf of Ems.“ Mediterranean Slavery and World Literature: Captivity Genres from Cervantes to Rousseau. Ed. Klarer. London: Routledge, forthcoming 2020.

Klarer, Mario. "Introduction." Christian Slaves among Islamic Pirates: An Anthology of Barbary Coast Captivity Narratives (1550–1810). Ed. Klarer. New York: Columbia University Press, forthcoming 2020.

Klarer, Mario. "Introduction." Mediterranean Slavery and World Literature: Captivity Genres from Cervantes to Rousseau. Ed. Klarer. London: Routledge, 2019.

Klarer, Mario. "Introduction." Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean: 1550-1810. Ed. Klarer. London: Routledge, 2019. 1-21.

Klarer, Mario. “Trading Identities: Balthasar Sturmer’s Verzeichnis der Reise (1558) and the Making of the European Barbary Captivity Narrative.“ Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean: 1550-1810. Ed. Klarer. London: Routledge, 2019. 25-55.

Spindler, Robert. "Ernstpeter Ruhe. Porträt des Künstlers als Sklave: Zwei Augsburger Kupferstecher als Gefangene in Algier (1684-1688). Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2017." Rezension in Archiv für Kulturgeschichte.

Spindler, Robert. "Identity Crises of Homecomers from the Barbary Coast." Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean: 1550-1810. Ed. Mario Klarer. London: Routledge, 2019. 128-43.

Spindler, Robert. "The Robinsonade as a Literary Avatar of Early Nineteenth-Century Barbary Captivity Narration." Mediterranean Slavery and World Literature: Captivity Genres from Cervantes to Rousseau. Ed. Mario Klarer. London: Routledge, forthcoming 2020.

Dissertations

Spindler, Robert: Among Pirates: Barbary Captivity and Early Modern Literature and Culture in Europe and America (2016).

Diploma and Master Theses

Brandstätter, Linda: Politics and Religion in French and American Barbary Coast Captivity Narratives from Tripoli and its Implementation in the Austrian School Context (2018).

Lukasser, Miriam: Oral Sources to Translation: William Okeley's Captivity Narrative Eben-ezer (1675) in Johann Frisch's Schauplatz Barbarischer Schlaverey (1666 and 1694) and its Teaching Perspectives (2018).

Gosch, Thomas: Transcript of Emmanuel de Arandas Relation de la Captivite en Algiere including a genesis of further translations (2017).

Gasser, Birgit: The Role of Religion Enabling Escape: Three Barbary Captivity Narratives and a Didactic Approach to the Topic (2017).

Tiefenthaler, Sarah: A comparative analysis of John Davie's The History of Algiers and It's Slavery and Johann Frisch's Der Schauplatz Barbarischer Schlaverey and the relevance and usage of slave narratives in the English language classroom (2017).

Figl, Julia: Editing Religion in Barbary Coast Captivity Narratives: A Comparison of the French, English and German Version of Emanuel D'Aranda's Algiers and it's Slavery (2017).

Gründhammer, Hannes: Faith and Religious Relations of the Barbary Coast: Islam, Christianity and Renegades (2016).

Miggitsch, Isabella: The Narratives of Felice Caronni and Eliza Bradley: Two Barbary Coast Captivity Accounts (2015).

Mosser, Eva-Maria: The Bagnio-Society in Barbary Captivity: A Descriptive Analysis of its Social Organization and Interaction and a Didactic Analysis of its Applictability in Class (2015).

Auböck, Tobias: Easier Imagined Than Described: Femininity and Fictionality in American Barbary Coast Captivity Narratives (2014).