Efficient Certification of Complexity Proofs – Formalizing the Perron-Frobenius Theorem

Jose Divasón, Sebastiaan Joosten, Ondřej Kunčar, René Thiemann, Akihisa Yamada

7th ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on Certified Programs and Proofs (CPP 2018), pp. 2-13, 2018.


Matrix interpretations are widely used in automated complexity analysis. Certifying such analyses boils down to determining the growth rate of A^n for a fixed non-negative rational matrix A. A direct solution for this task involves the computation of all eigenvalues of A, which often leads to expensive algebraic number computations.
In this work we formalize the Perron-Frobenius theorem. We utilize the theorem to avoid most of the algebraic numbers needed for certifying complexity analysis, so that our new algorithm only needs the rational arithmetic when certifying complexity proofs that existing tools can find. To cover the theorem in its full extent, we establish a connection between two different Isabelle/HOL libraries on matrices, enabling an easy exchange of theorems between both libraries. This connection crucially relies on the transfer mechanism in combination with local type definitions, being a non-trivial case study for these Isabelle tools.


  PDF |    doi:10.1145/3167103  


author = {Divas\'{o}n, Jose and
Joosten, Sebastiaan and
Kun\v{c}ar, Ond\v{r}ej and
Thiemann, Ren{\'e} and Yamada, Akihisa},
title = {Efficient Certification of Complexity Proofs:
Formalizing the {P}erron--{F}robenius Theorem (Invited Talk Paper)},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 7th ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on
Certified Programs and Proofs},
series = {CPP 2018},
year = {2018},
pages = {2--13},
doi = {10.1145/3167103},
publisher = {ACM},
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