Multifrequency impedance measurement technique for wireless characterization of microbiological cell cultures.

Wissenwasser J, Vellekoop MJ, Kapferer W, Lepperdinger G, Heer R.

Rev Sci Instrum. 2011 Nov;82(11):115110.

Nano-Systems, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, 1220 Wien, Austria.

An impedance measurement system with probe signal frequencies up to 50 kHz with AC-probe voltages below 30 mV rms was integrated for wireless and battery-free monitoring of microbiological cell cultures. The here presented modular design and the use of state-of-the-art components greatly eases adoptions to a wide range of biotechnological applications without the need of bulky LCR-meters or potentiostats. The device had a power consumption of less than 2.5 mA at a 3.3 V single power supply and worked trouble-free within the humid environment of a cell culture incubator. Measurements on lumped RC-elements showed an error of less than 1% for absolute values and less than 1° regarding the phase of the complex impedance. The performance of sensor devices with interdigitated electrode structures for the measurement of adherent cell cultures was tested in the presence of phosphate-buffered saline solution in the humid atmosphere of an incubator for biological cell cultures.

© 2011 American Institute of Physics