Lieselotte Jontes
Franz Maria Ritter von Friese (1820–1891) und die Tiroler Montangeschichte
Franz Maria Ritter von Friese (1820–1891) and the history of mining in Tyrol

Geo.Alp Sonderband 1/Special volume 1, 2007, p. 73–79

Zusammenfassung
Franz Maria Friese war ein geborener Tiroler, der nach den Studien an der Bergakademie Schemnitz zuerst in Tirol in den Dienst des Montanärars trat. Sein Lebensweg führte ihn über Leoben nach Wien, wo er zunächst an der k. k. geologischen Reichsanstalt und danach in den für das Bergwesen zuständigen Minis­terien seinen Dienst versah. Schon in diesen ersten Jahren in Wien wandte er sich historischen Forschungen zu, er besuchte das Wiener Hofkammerarchiv und suchte dort nach Akten, die den Tiroler Bergbau betrafen. Diese Akten schrieb er dann ab, sie bildeten die Grundlage für seine montanhistorischen Arbeiten.
Eine der interessantesten Abschriften ist Frieses Auszug aus Kapiteln des Schwazer Bergbuches 1852, das er "Ettenhardisches Bergbuch" nennt.

Abstract
Born in Tyrol, Franz Maria Friese started his career in Tyrol after studies at the Mining Academy in Schemnitz (Banská Štiavnica), where he was an employee of the Austrian government. He then worked in Leoben and went on to Vienna, where he was occupied in the beginning at the Geological Survey and continued his work at the ministeries relevant for mining and metallurgy. Already in these early years he showed interest in historical research, he visited the Vienna archives, especially the Hofkammerarchiv, where he looked for archival material concerning the Tyrolean mines. He copied these records which served as basis for his writings on the history of mining and metallurgy. Some of these copies from the Hofkammerarchiv and from archives at the mines, where he had easy access, were donated to the University Library at Leoben by his widow. Not all of these copies show, where they came from originally, but they are very interesting for the mining history because of their great volume and their topics. Even Robert von Srbik, a geologist and geographer from Innsbruck, had great interest in these copies, they formed the basis for his work "Überblick des Bergbaues in Tirol und Vorarlberg in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart" (Outline of mining in the Tyrol and Vorarlberg now and then).
One of the most interesting copies in Frieses work is a summary from the "Schwazer Bergbuch" from 1852, which he calls "Ettenhardisches Bergbuch". He describes the differences between three copies and in the appendix shows some of the illustrations. This survey was printed in the "Jahrbuch der Leobener Bergakademie" in 1865, the title was "Das Ettenhardische Bergbuch. Ein Beitrag zur vaterländischen Bergwerksgeschichte" (Ettenhards mining book. A contribution to our country’s mining history). Friese compares in this work the three copies in the Tyrolean museum "Ferdinandeum", one of the copies had been bought by the Mining Library (Library in the Ministry) and given to the museum later on.
Although Friese worked intensively on mining history, the reflections in printed works were rather few. He wrote only a few articles on mining history in Austrian mining journals, but he wrote major statistical works about Austrian mining, which were part of his professional work at the Supreme Mining Authority.


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