Gabriela Sánchez Reyes
An Approach to the Social History of the Mining District of Sultepec, México, 18th Century

Geo.Alp 11, 2014, p. 251–258

The first findings of mineral deposits discovered after the Spanish Conquest of the Americas (1521) took place in the so-called “Silver Province” [Provincia de la Plata] composed of four mining districts, some of the first established in the New World: Taxco (State of Guerrero), Temascaltepec, Zacualpan and Sultepec (State of Mexico). In the case of Sultepec, twenty silver mills were already working by 1597. Nevertheless, on the first half of 18th century, production declined and eventually that glorious past would be forgotten and overshadowed by other districts in the states of Guanajuato, Hidalgo and Zacatecas. At the end of that century and the beginning of the 19th, a new bonanza started, but after the Independence War (1810 - 1821), although some foreign capital tried to continue silver extraction, production was far from the Spanish times. This decline led people to abandone mining activities to engage in the manufacture of shawls [rebozos] and muleteers [arrieros].

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