Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador Geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 76 00 W Population: 27,012,899 (July 2000 est.) Area: total: 1,285,220 sq km Climate: varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes
Background: After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980. In recent years, bold reform programs and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity and drug trafficking have resulted in solid economic growth.
Source: World Factbook