The existing CARBOMONT project, as well as the extension to it, will provide results contributing to several EU policies (e.g. Framework Convention on Climate Change, EU Agenda 2000, the EU Framework Directive for Water, the Biodiversity Convention and the Desertification Convention, the Helsinki Agreement on Forest Protection, the EU Habitat Directive, the EU Directive concerning the EIA). The proposers anticipate high Community added values and important contributions of CARBOMONT to EU policies for the mountain regions of Europe.
Besides the FCCC Kyoto Protocol the following specific areas are identified in detail:
- Contributions to Community economical activities and Community policies. A main concern of Agenda 2000 (1997) is the integration of environmental concerns into policies and practices in five target sectors (agriculture, tourism, transport, energy and industry) whose policies are considered to have a high impact on natural resources:
* The results of the other study sites of CARBOMONT will help assess the implications of land-use changes that could be relevant to large key mountain landscapes in Europe.
* Comparisons with similar changes in mountain areas will provide a European context and will also strengthen the technology transfer, in particular to less developed regions.
- Contributions to land-use management. Project results will assist the definition of new concepts and elaboration of operational tools for an integrated management of mountain areas in Europe, integrating regional topics and concerns with those of carbon sequestration.
- Technical recommendations concerning IEA and EIA. Project results will be of direct benefit to forestry, agro-forestry, agriculture and policies in mountain areas through technical recommendations and practical implementations, in particular:
* to Integrated Environmental Assessment (IEA) of mountain areas (water quality, air quality, land and soil, habitats, species and biodiversity; forest conditions, human activities and impacts by agriculture, forestry, traffic and tourism);
* to Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for mountain areas (e.g. development of criteria for EIA in Alpine Areas; Tappeiner, Cernusca and Pröbstl, 1998).
- Contributions concerning protection of nature and conservation strategies. Project results will have direct implications in conservation strategies for mountain environments, especially with regard to the international convention for the protection of the Alps.
- Contributions to the United Nations programme (Chapter 13 of Agenda 21). The United Nations programme regarding sustainable development in mountain areas coincides with the mountain area development and environmental protection programmes drawn up and activated by the European Community as well as individual European Community member states (Backmeroff et al. 1997). The results of CARBOMONT will have implications for sustainable development strategies for the fragile mountain areas in Europe.
- Contributions of the extended CARBOMONT to the UNESCO programme Man and the Biosphere. Project results will contribute substantially to the broad studies performed in the Polana UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and also to the direct utilisation of the results in management practises both in forested and non-forested areas of the UNESCO biosphere reserve. Conservation strategy, sustainable development strategy and economic policy will make use of the results of the CARBOMONT project.