The CARBOMONT-Consortium


University of Innsbruck, Institute of Botany Laboratory for Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul-Scherrer-Institut, Villigen
University of Bayreuth, Department of Plant Ecology Stable Isotope Research Group, Paul-Scherrer-Institut, Villigen
University of Tuscia, Department of Forest Science and Environment Institute of Landscape Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava
Centro di Ecologia Alpina, Trento Inst. of Landscape Ecology, Laboratory of Ecological Physiology of Forest Trees
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Natural Environ-
ment Research Council
Szent István University, Dept. of Botany and Plant Physiology
Centre for Geobiosphere Studies, Climate Impacts Group Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas, Department of Integrated Monitoring
University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Ecology University of Tartu, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology
Fundación Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo European Commission - DG Research






Partner n°1


University of Innsbruck
Institut of Botany
Sternwartestr. 15
6020 Innsbruck
Austria

Tel.: +43 512 5075922
Fax: +43 512 5072715;
E-Mail:alexander.cernusca@uibk.ac.at

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Alexander CERNUSCA



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

The Institute of Botany will take over the overall co-ordination of the proposed project. Moreover it will be responsible for the field investigations at the Stubai Valley study area, will jointly supervise workpackages 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, and will contribute to all workpackages of CARBOMONT.

Site - Stubai Valley Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

The research group at the Department of Ecology, headed by Prof. Dr. Alexander Cernusca, has been conducting integrated ecosystem studies in Alpine grassland and dwarf shrub ecosystems for nearly 25 years since the inception of the Austrian MAB-6-programme. The results have been published in comprehensive volumes (books). Since 1979 comparative ecosystem investigations of the ecological consequence of land-use changes in mountain ecosystems in the Central Caucasus and in the Austrian Alps have been a major research topic of the organisation.
From 1991 to 1992, as a contribution to the interests of the European Framework Programme 3 research project INTEGRALP (EC-STEP0052, co-ordinated by ICALPE), integrated ecosystem studies were carried out in the Central Alps (Hohe Tauern National Park, Austria) and in the Southern Alps (Monte Bondone, Italy). Within the EU-Framework Programme 4, Prof. Cernusca co-ordinated the TERI project ECOMONT (ENV4-CT95-0179), investigating effects of land-use changes on terrestrial mountain ecosystems in Europe, including six research areas (composite landscapes) in the Alps, the Spanish Pyrenees and the Scottish Highlands. The project was selected to be presented at the FP5-Launch Conference in Essen (Germany) in February 1999. Currently, the Department of Ecology carries out the following FWF (Austrian Science Fund) projects, co-ordinated by Prof. Cernusca: "Effects of land-use changes on resource availability and use of plant species in different mountain regions of Europe" (1999-2001) and "Development of a soil-vegetation-atmosphere-transfer (SVAT) model for simulations of mass and energy exchange in mountain grassland ecosystems" (2000-2002).
The scientific expertise currently available at the Department of Ecology at the Institute of Botany comprises spatial data survey and GIS-based analysis, soil sciences with particular reference to soil physics, ecosystem water relations, ecosystem gas exchange, energy budget and microclimate, ecosystem nutrient and carbon turnover, plant ecophysiology, potential risks, especially snow gliding, and the modelling of ecological processes.
Under the leadership of Prof. Cernusca the participating organisation has also experience in the development and the realisation of projects on applied fields of Alpine ecology (e.g. application of scientific results in the interregional EU-programme INTERREG-II; investigations on sustainable development in Alpine Areas; integrated environmental assessment of Alpine Areas; Environmental Impact Assessment, eco-audit and eco-labelling for Alpine Areas; development of guidelines for "green accounting").
The Institute of Botany has already very successfully made use of several projects within the transfer and mobility programmes of the EU (e.g. ERASMUS; COMETT-II; LEONARDO; SOCRATES, including a number of intensive courses), providing the transfer of know-how and the dissemination of results of the European Framework 3 and 4 projects INTEGRALP and ECOMONT. Based on these EU Transfer and Mobility projects Prof. Cernusca has founded a European network of training and transfer called "Ecology of Alpine Areas". This network will be used in a complementary manner for the dissemination and application of the results of CARBOMONT.




Partner n°2


University of Bayreuth
Department of Plant Ecology
Universitätsstr. 30
95440 Bayreuth
Germany

Tel.: +39 921 552570
Fax: +49 921 552564;
E-Mail:john.tenhunen@uni-bayreuth.de

Prof. Dr. John TENHUNEN



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

Within the proposed project the Department of Plant Ecology of University of Bayreuth (UBT) will be responsible for the field investigations at the Berchtesgaden study area in Bavaria/Germany and will jointly supervise workpackage 5. Contributions will be made to all six workpackages.

Site - Berchtesgaden Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

Staff of the Dept. of Plant Ecology, Univ. of Bayreuth has a long experience of working in alpine, low elevation grassland, northern taiga and tundra ecosystems. Research of the department is focused on developing stand level, landscape and regional models for soil/vegetation/atmosphere coupling, particularly considering the effects of stress factors on carbon and water exchange, and linking of these flux models to simple models of vegetation growth, production, and ecosystem feedbacks at multiple scales. Flux data for the modelling effort is derived from field studies carried out by applications of sapflow, Eddy covariance, and cuvette-based methodologies by personnel within the UBT research group or through participation in network measurements projects. With respect to the current project, flux measurements have been carried out by UBT at meadow sites in the Fichtelgebirge, Germany, and in high elevation grasslands as part of the ECOMONT project. The UBT group has played a leading role in developing the initial synthesis models for carbon balance and NEE calculations at EUROFLUX sites. Thus, we have extensive experience in data processing and gap filling methods. We are attempting to develop models that provide a parallel description of ecosystem inputs and outputs for pixels occupied by agro-ecosystems (meadows, grain cereals, maize and other crops) but also those occupied by forests, wetlands or other landscape functional units, and we bring this expertise as an innovation component to the up-scaling efforts of CARBOMONT.





Partner n°3


University of Tuscia, Department of Forest Science and Resources
Via de Lellis
01100 Viterbo
Italy

Tel.: +39 0761 357394
Fax: +39 0761 357389;
E-Mail:rik@unitus.it

Prof. Dr. Riccardo VALENTINI



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

The Department of Forest Science and Resources of the University of Tuscia (UNITUS) will be responsible of the research site in the Italian Appennines (Abruzzo Region) and for collecting remote sensing multi-spectral images of the 4 study areas "Abruzzi", "Monte Bondone", "Stubai Valley" and "Berchtesgaden" (see WP 5) and will supervise WP 1. Contributions will be made to all six workpackages.

Site - Abruzzi Responsible Team

Scientific background in the research field

The Department of Forest Science and Environment of University of Tuscia is composed of 15 full time permanent scientists working in the field of forest and environmental research with a major aim in understanding the biological processes and interactions from the scale of plants to the ecosystem and regional problems, with a major emphasis on biogeochemical cycles. The research is focused on studies of processes controlling the states and fluxes of energy and matter in the soil-plant-atmosphere system. Studies of the vegetation and its interaction with the environment are made at different scales, e.g., at shoot, branch, tree and stand level in their interaction with the environment in the field. Models are used as tools to analyse the systems studied and to extend the knowledge in time and space. The group have access to modern equipment and other facilities for gas exchange studies on plants, tree organs and also equipment for data logging, flux measurements by Eddy correlation systems and chambers (soil and branches), measurements of meteorological and hydrological parameters, as well as pools of carbon etc.

The Department gained considerable expertise in managing national and international projects (ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE projects: Euroflux co-ordination, Bema, Canif, Vocamod, Medeflu, Eurasianet - coordination, NASA projects: FLUXNET) dealing with carbon, energy and water cycling, ozone formation, ecosystem modelling and remote sensing.

The group is also consulting the Italian Ministry of Environment for the ongoing Kyoto negotiation.





Partner n°4


Centro di Ecologia Alpina
Viote del Bondone
38040 Trento
Italy


Tel.: +39 0461 939555
Fax: +39 0461 948190
E-Mail: gianelle@cealp.it

Dr. Damiano Gianelle



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

The Centro di Ecologia Alpina (CEA) will be responsible for the field investigations at the Monte Bondone study area in Southern Alps (Italy) and will jointly supervise WP 4. Contributions will be made to all six workpackages.

Site - Monte Bondone Responsible Team

Scientific background in the research field

The Centro di Ecologia Alpina (CEA) was instituted by the government of the Trento Province in August 1992, and became operative on first of March 1993. CEA is placed at Viote of Monte Bondone, near Trento, at 1500 m a.s.l. CEA has, as its main task, to promote, co-ordinate and carry out research projects on the Alpine environment, on the structure and function of alpine ecosystems and on the ecology of endangered, rare or endemic species. The activity is carried out by developing research projects in co-operation with both local and international partners, with the environmental commissions of ARGE ALP and within the framework of EU projects. CEA has a flexible structure, organised into temporary (3-5 years) projects. CEA is also engaged in scientific training at different levels, with particular attention to the university level (courses, stages, workshops, etc.). CEA has a legal status and it is a public organisation. It has a president and a board of directors, including representatives of the provincial administration, of the city of Trento, of the local university, of the natural history museums of Trento and Rovereto, of environmental associations and of the ARGE ALP. Since 1995, a research group composed by five scientists is working in the field of plant physiology and forest microclimatology. The group has been previously involved in the EU project Ecomont and is recently involved in the activity of the EU project CarboEuroFlux, by running mass and energy flux measurements in a forest experimental area.




Partner n°5


Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
Natural Environment Research
Council
Bush Estate
EH 26 OQB
UK

Tel.: +44 131 445 4343
Fax: +44 131 445 3943
E-Mail: ms@ceh.ac.uk

Dr. Mark Sutton



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

The Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Natural Environment Research Council (CEH) will be responsible for the field investigations at the Cairngorm mountain study site (UK). Contributions will be made to all work packages. CEH will jointly supervise workpackage 6.

Site - Cairngorm Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

The Centre for Ecology and Hydrology is a component institute of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and the leading UK institution dealing with the functioning of ecosystems in relation to natural and anthropogenic change. The CEH Edinburgh Research Station, specialises in three major areas: atmospheric pollution and trace gases, terrestrial ecosystem C and N modelling and the improvement of forestry and agroforestry systems, particularly in the tropics. The Pollution Section is a recognised international leader in the field of measuring and modelling trace gas fluxes, and assessment of the impacts of atmospheric acid and nitrogen deposition. The CEH Banchory Research Station specialises in plan and animal ecology including the impacts of land use change in mountain landscapes.




Partner n°6


Centre for Geobiosphere Studies
Climate Impacts Group
22362 Lund
Sweden

Tel.: +46 46222 3743
Fax: +46 46222 4423
E-Mail: torben.christensen@planteco.lu.se

Dr. Torben Christensen



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

The Centre for Geobiosphere Studies Climate Impacts Group (CIG) will participate in the experimental field studies being responsible for the Stordalen site in northern Sweden and will jointly supervise WP 3. Contributions will be made to WP 1, 3, 4 and 6.

Site - Stordalen Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

Recently established, the Centre for Geobiosphere Studies at Lund University is concerned with issues relating to the development of a predictive understanding of the impacts of changes in climate and atmospheric composition on terrestrial ecosystems and the feedback mechanisms on climate that may arise from these ecosystem processes. The Centre is merging and building on several strong research groups represented by the co-applicants in Lund all concerned with ecosystem/atmosphere interaction studies. This group includes several experienced project managers, which together with the Lund University administration have dealt with a number of recent EC Projects. The group is involved as partner in several Framework V projects (CARBO-EUROFLUX, CARBO-AGE, ATEAM) and have also recently co-ordinated two EU RTD projects under framework 4, the CONGAS and ETEMA projects.

The Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH) is a component institute of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and the leading UK institution dealing with the functioning of ecosystems in relation to natural and anthropogenic change. The CEH Edinburgh Research Station, specialises in three major areas: atmospheric pollution and trace gases, terrestrial ecosystem C and N modelling and the improvement of forestry and agroforestry systems, particularly in the tropics. The Pollution Section is a recognised international leader in the field of measuring and modelling trace gas fluxes, and assessment of the impacts of atmospheric acid and nitrogen deposition. The CEH Banchory Research Station specialises in plan and animal ecology including the impacts of land use change in mountain landscapes.





Partner n°7


University of Helsinki
Department of Forest Ecology
Viikinkaari 7
PO.Box 27
00014 University of Helsinki
Finland

Tel.: +358 9 191 58135
Fax: +358 9 191 58100
E-Mail: pertti.hari@helsinki.fi

Prof. Dr. Pertti Hari



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

The Department of Forest Ecology, University of Helsinki (UHEL. DFE), will be responsible for the field investigations at the Värriö study area in Finnish Lapland and will jointly supervise WP 3. Contributions will be made to all six workpackages.

Site - Värriö Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

The Department of Forest Ecology is an active higher teaching and research institution, based in Helsinki Finland. Focus of the works are on production ecology of forests and their applications in production, nature protection and carbon sequestration. The department employs about 50 researchers. Research groups at the department are part of centers of excellence of the Academy of Finland and the Nordic council. The Department has been one of the pioneers in process-based modelling of forest production. Through its field stations in Hyytiälä (South Finland) and Värriö (Finnish Lappland) it has been analysing and publishing ecophysiological and flux data. The research group on Atmosphere Physics and Forest Ecology (leaders Prof. Pertti Hari and Prof. Markku Kulmala) has been selected as a Centre of Excellence of the University of Helsinki. The research group has been active in the ongoing EU projects CARBOEUROFLUX, CARBOAGE and CORE (as co-ordinator). The researchers were previously active in the EU funded LTEEF, LTEEF II and EUROFLUX projects.

Recent successes include development of a new generation of vegetation production modelling including the soil component, methodological development in measurements of photosynthesis at the leaf, shoot and canopy level.





Partner n°8


Fundación CEAM
Parque Tecnológico

C/Charles Darwin, 14
46980 Paterna (Valencia).
Spain

Tel.: +3496 1 31 82 27
Fax: +3496 1 31 81 90
E-Mail: mjose@ceam.es

Dr. Maria J. Sanz



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

The Fundación CEAM Parque Tecnológico (CEAM) will be responsible for the field investigations at the Alinya Valley study area in the Pyrenees/Spain. Contributions will be made to workpackages 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6.

Site - Alinya Valley Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

The FUNDACION CEAM, Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo, (Centre for Environmental Studies of the Mediterranean) was created in 1991 to address specific environmental research areas in the Mediterranean basin and operates the EUropean PHOto REactor (EUPHORE) facility. The FUNDACION CEAM has a considerable experience in organising major measurements campaigns to document the diffusion and transport (dispersion) of atmospheric pollutants in Europe and in North America. It also operates programmes in: land reclamation after wildfires (three EC projects), the study and forecasting of meteorological conditions leading to serious environmental hazards (torrential rains), biogenic emissions and the evaluation of air pollution effects on natural vegetation and crops. The center participate also in MEDEFLU and RECAB project, been responsible of one of the CARBOEUROFLUX sites in Valencia. CEAM has equipment for physiological measurements in the field, including two portable infrared gas analysers for measurements of CO2 and H2O exchanges at branch (or soil, CO2/H2O Analyser LICOR 6262) and leaf level (CO2/H2O Analyser HC100 Walz with light, temperature and CO2 enhancement device), a portable fluorimeter for measurements of chlorophyll fluorescence (PAM-2000 fluorimeter, Walz) The system measures fluxes of sensible heat, latent heat, H2O and CO2. The Technological Forestry Centre of Catalonia (CTFC, that will collaborate with CEAM) is a consortium formed in 1996 by local and regional public administrations on research and forestry activities. The CTFC’s objectives are the formation and dissemination of forestry knowledge on students and proffesionals, the appied reserach, and the development and transferability of technology in the agroforestry economic sector.





Partner n°9


Laboratory for Atmospheric Chemistry
Paul-Scherrer-Institute
5232 Villigen
Switzerland

Tel.: +41 56 310 2785
Fax: +41 56 310 4525
E-Mail: markus.furger@psi.ch

Dr. Markus Furger



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

The Laboratory for Atmospheric Chemistry of the Paul-Scherrer-Institute (UBT) will be responsible for the field investigations at the Seebodenalp study area in the central part of Switzerland. Contributions will be made to work packages 1,4,5 and 6.

Site - Seebodenalp Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

PSI works on questions of air pollution transportation and chemical transformation since 13 years. The experience ranges from experimental activities to the interpretation of field campaigns by means of models. The experimental experience focuses on the instrumentation of light aircraft and ground based remote sensing systems. Beside these instruments, the PSI operates micrometeorological tools (sonic anemometers) and chemical ground station measurements. The expertise on modelling comprises the long term transport, combined with chemical transformation on a scale of several 100 km. Additionally, models for deposition calculations on the basis of a resistance analogy and model for flux budgets and atmospheric water cycles are in current use.





Partner n°10


Stable Isotope Research Group
Paul-Scherrer-Institute
5232 Villigen
Switzerland

Tel.: +41 56 310 2786
Fax: +41 56 310 4525
E-Mail: rolf.siegwolf@psi.ch

Dr. Rolf Siegwolf



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

The Stable Isotope Research Group of the Paul-Scherrer-Institute (SIRG) will be responsible for carbon flux partitioning using stable carbon and oxygen isotopes and will jointly supervise WP 2. SIRG will contribute to WP 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6.

Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

The Stable Isotope Research Group has a sound experience in integrating stable isotopic analyses for δ13C, δ15N, 1δ8O, δD in the plant physiological and ecological context. The research of the group is focused on (i) source sink identification of CO2 and water vapor in ecosystems and partitioning of the NEE fluxes, (ii) study the effects of land use change, air pollutants, elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition into the vegetation on plants and ecosystems and (iii) isotope variations in tree rings as a consequence of climate and anthropogenic impacts. The isotope analyses are combined with flux measurements such as the eddy covariance, dynamic soil respiration and leaf gas exchange measurements. Among other projects, the group has demonstrated its expertise with isotopic analysis and interpretation of the data in the past ECOMONT project. SIRG is intensively interacting with Universities and research institutes in Switzerland as well as internationally.





Partner n°11


Institute of Landscape Ecology
Slovak Academy of Sciences
Štefánikova 3, P.O.Box 254
814 99 Bratislava
Slovakia

Tel.: +421 2 5249 3882
Fax: +421 2 5249 4508
E-Mail: ptl-nc@savba.sk

Dr. Július OSZLÁNYI



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

The Institute of Landscape Ecology from the Slovak Academy of Sciences (ILE SAS) will be responsible for the field investigation at the Poľana study site. Contributions will be made to work packages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.

Site - Polana Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

ILE SAS works on questions of air pollution (O3, CO2, NOx, SO2), acid rain, climate change and their influence on health state and biodiversity changes in mountainous parts of Slovakia for more than 10 years. In 1996-2001, ILE SAS has participated in 4 international scientific projects, covering both forest and grassland ecosystems in Eastern Carpathians, High Tatra Mountains, Belianske Tatry Mountains, Lesser Fatra Mountains and Little Carpathians Mountains. In recent years, ILE SAS became leader and coordinator of two EC projects (1998-2001) focused on nature and biodiversity issues in Accession Phare Countries. At present, it is participating in two 5FP projects (GLORIA - The European dimension of the global observation research initiative in Alpine environment; and BIOPLATFORM - European Platform for Biodiversity.)
The scientific expertise, which is currently available at the ILE SAS, enables to cover wide range of scientific and managerial problems in mountainous areas in Western Carpathians where specific environmental problems occur due to the changes in economy, i.e. under the conditions of transitional period in the countries of former Eastern block.
ILE SAS, as a part-organisation of the consortium of European Topic Centre for nature Protection and Biodiversity Paris (2001-2003), is participating in almost all biodiversity and nature protection steps of the European Commission, being mainly in charge of the candidate countries in pre-accession process.





Partner n°12


Institute of Landscape Ecology
Laboratory of Ecological Physiology of Forest Trees
Pořící 3b
603 00 Brno
Czech Republic

Tel.: +420 5 43211560
Fax: +420 5 43242017
E-Mail: emarek@brno.cas.cz

Prof. Dr. Ing.Michal V. MAREK



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

Within the proposed project the Institute of Landscape Ecology (ILE) will be responsible for the Bilý Kriz study site. ILE will jointly co-ordinate WP7, and contribute to WP 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6. In addition, the partner team will contribute also to WP1 and WP2 at the Poľana study site (SK).

Site - Bilý Kriz Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

Since 1986 the Laboratory of Ecological Physiology of Forest Trees (LEPFT) is working on ecophysiology of primary production in forest and non-forest ecosystems. LEPFT research activity has increased, mostly because of collaborations on many EU projects. These contacts to EU networks were very profitable and LEPFT was accepted since many years as a regular partner of these EU project Consortiums. LEPFT is running the study site Bily Kriz in the Beskydy Mts. The EU very well awarded this study site because of the complex nature, a unique tool of the experimental facility and potential for plant ecosystem ecophysiological studies and instrumentation at word standard. LEPFT has an experience with EU- programmes (EPOCH, ECOCRAFT, EUROFLUX, INCO COPERNICUS, CARBOEUROFLUX). LEPFT is involved in national and international research programmes on the impact of Global Change on forest ecosystems. LEPFT is active in promotion of eco-physiological research of forest in Eastern Europe.





Partner n°13


Szent István University, Dept. of Botany and Plant Physiology
Páter Károly u. 1
2103 Gödöllõ
Hungary

Tel.: +36 28522075
Fax: +36 28410804
E-Mail: tuba@fau.gau.hu

Prof. Dr. Zoltán TUBA



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

Within the proposed project the Department of Botany and Plant Physiology of the Szent István University (SZU) will be responsible for the field investigations at the Mátra Mountain study site. SZU will jointly co-ordinate WP 7 and contribute to WP 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6.

Site - Mátra Mountain Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

The Department has many decades tradition of various fields in botany covering vegetation dynamic and coenology. The Department and the Academical Research Group at the Department have been carrying out plant ecophysiological and ecological research for 17 years. It is research scope includes ecophysiological and ecological studies in grassland and other non-arboprescent vegetations, crop stands and desiccation tolerant plants. Studies of global climate change (elevated air CO2 concentration and increased temperature) on vegetation (loess and sand grasslands, crops and crop-weed mixtures) have been started in 1991.The Department runs the "Gödöll" Global Climate Change and Plants" Experimental Long-term Ecological Station which is the only experimental facility in Eastern-Central and Eastern Europe to investigate the effects of global climate change on herbaceous plants. The station consists of twenty open top chambers (OTC`s) and twelve miniFACE (free carbon enriched experiment) rings to grow plants at ambient (350 vpm) and at elevated (700 vpm) CO2 concentrations. The department has extensive national and international co-operations. From 1993 it participated in 3 European Framework Programme 3 projects (ECOCRAFT, ESCPACE-Grass, EWVAR). Within the EU Framework Programme 4 the group participated in the MEGARICH project and at present it is participant in the GREENGRASS project within the EU Framework Programme 5. As contribution to the GREENGRASS project a lowland ecosystem in Southern Hungary will be investigated, whereas within of the extended CARBOMONT project three differently managed mountain grassland ecosystems will be investigated in Northern Hungary. There is no overlap between the two projects. The group was involved in the COST ACTION 619 (Effect of atmospheric CO2 increase on carbon fluxes in grassland-ecosystems) and is member of the 627 COST ACTION (Carbon storage in European grasslands). The station is a member of the worldwide GCTE core 1 research programme (Canberra). The Department was and is the host of numerous national research projects.

The group has experience in grassland ecophysiology and ecology , especially in measurements of leaf and stand scale CO2/H2O gas exchange chamber technique (infrared gas analysers, and porometers) chlorophyll fluorometry (portable fast laser induced and modulated PAM devices), photosynthetic pigments, carbohydrates, C and N ratios, and other osmotically active compounds, plant and soil heat and water relations, osmolality, litter decomposition, micrometeorological measurements (by the use of a programmable automatic weather station), light relations in plant canopies and computation of leaf area indices from PAR measurements (sunfleck ceptometers), canopy structure whole plant and stand dry matter production, and botanical composition/coenology, phenology, etc.. Modelling experience covers simulation of growth, production and CO2 exchange under present and elevated air CO2 concentrations.




Partner n°14


Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas, Department of Integrated Monitoring
Kossutha str. 6
40833 Katowice
Poland

Tel.: +48 1033 32 2546031
Fax: +48 1033 32 2541717
E-Mail: stasz@ietu.katowice.pl

Dr. Tomasz STASZEWSKI



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

Within the proposed project the Department of Integrated Monitoring of the Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas (IETU) will be responsible for the field investigations at the Brenna study site. Contributions will be made to WP 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6.

Site - Brenna Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

Staff of our department has a long experience of working in mountainous forest ecosystems. We were involved in several international projects on influence of air pollutants on forest health status. Within these projects we were focused on the research of fluxes (and balances) of air pollutants and nutrients to different types of ecosystems. As an Institute of Polish Environmental Ministry we realised several projects on influence of air pollutants and climatic parameters on status of nature and biodiversity changes in majority of Polish National Parks.





Partner n°15


University of Tartu, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology
Riia 23
EE 51011 Tartu
Estonia

Tel.: +372-7-366021
Fax: +372-7-366021
E-Mail: ylo@zbi.ee

Ass. Prof. Dr. Ülo NIINEMETS



The role and the contribution of the participating organisation

Within the proposed project the Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology of the University of Tartu (TUEMRI) will contribute to WP 2 and 3.

... Responsible Team


Scientific background in the research field

Staff of the Dept. of Plant Physiology, Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Tartu has extraordinary experience in foliage gas-exchange measurements, as well as in carbon balance and biomass partitioning studies. The gas-exchange equipment developed by Professor Laisk and used by the department has extended the frontiers of photosynthesis research and is currently the best instrument available (Laisk A. & Oja, V. 1998. Dynamics of leaf photosynthesis. Techniques in Plant Sciences, CSIRO, Canberra). In addition to the experimental and modelling expertise in plant photosynthesis gained in the lab, the scientists at the Department of Plant Physiology have in recent years focussed in sensitivity analyses of plant carbon balance in natural ecosystems. Functional relationships between photosynthesis, growth and biomass partitioning are studied in clonal plants, and the observed relationships are verified and simulated in natural ecosystems. Generalization of the structure/function relationships in the lab as well as in the field has led to important global ecophysiological conclusions that provide a valuable basis for extending the carbon balance models in CARBOMONT.




Scientific & Administrative EC Officers


Claus BRÜNING
(Scientific & Administrative Officier)

Dimitrios KOUTOS
(Financial Officier)
European Commission - DG Research - Environment and Sustainable Development Program
LUX 2/93
Rue de la Loi 200
1040 Brussels
Belgium


Please contact Alexander Cernusca first if you need to get in touch with the RD of the European Commission



Effects of land-use changes on sources, sinks and fluxes of carbon in European mountain areas
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