TRACK - Portable dual GC-IMS with multi-element sensor system for fast and reliable detection of hidden people and goods

Synopsis:

In the bilateral KIRAS TRACK project, new detection methods are being developed that enable fast and reliable detection of hidden people in trucks, containers or after spills. The plan is to combine a dual high-resolution ion mobility spectrometer with a fast gas chromatographic separation unit (GC-IMS), which enables specific detection of volatile compounds emitted by humans. To further increase the specificity, this system is expanded by a polymer-based ammonia sensor and a biomimetic sensor based on dog odor proteins. The close cooperation with the associated partners ensures that the scientifically sound results flow into a later product, the various possible uses in the area of ​​civil security and in particular in the fight against organized crime in the areas of human and drug trafficking and transport, illegal migration and explosives detection enabled.

Focus on content from a security policy perspective:

Bilateral cooperation AT/DE, „Civil security - protection against organized crime II

Abstract / Summary:

There has been an increase in illegal human trafficking in Europe, which has led to the current migration and refugee crisis. People trapped in trucks and shipping containers take risks to their health and even their lives. Mobile detectors to detect hidden people, which are transported in containers and trucks, would help protect smuggled people and make border police work much easier.

In order to be practical, these sensors must function quickly and reliably under real conditions and be able to detect people even through sealed containers. Search and detection dogs are basically suitable for this task, but they tire quickly and require years of training. Our bilateral consortium therefore suggests the detection of hidden (or buried) people based on specific human odor signatures using suitable gas detectors.

In the current KIRAS project (DHS-AS), a portable prototype was developed that combines a commercially available aspiration ion mobility spectrometer (aIMS) with an electrochemical aldehyde sensor and three metal oxide sensors to measure a chemical fingerprint of volatile compounds in the human body. The biggest challenge is to ensure good selectivity even at low concentrations (ppt to ppb range - "parts per billion to trillion") in a portable system - small size, weight and power consumption. This task was only partially fulfilled, however, because the complexity of the volatile constituents emitted by different truck loads necessitated a more specific analysis of the olfactory components.

This challenge is now to be solved in the bilateral KIRAS TRACK project by combining a dual high-resolution ion mobility spectrometer coupled with a fast chromatographic separation unit (GC-IMS). To further increase the specificity, a polymer-based ammonia sensor and a biomimetic odor sensor based on dog odor proteins are being developed. The complementarity of the three sensor units and the expertise of the research institutions represented in them (Leibnitz University of Hanover, Airsense GmbH, University of Innsbruck, SLOC GmbH, Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH) enables an innovative and targeted approach.

The portable prototype is tested with test gas mixtures of specific volatile compounds as well as with human samples such as urine, breath, sweat etc. Various test scenarios (e.g. trucks and containers with and without cargo and with and without people, various transport goods) are carried out in field tests.

Public users and associated partners such as the BMI and the Johanniter Austria Ausbildungs und Forschungs GmbH on the Austrian side and the Bundespolizei and Johanniter Unfallhilfe e.V. on the German side will accompany the project throughout to evaluate the effectiveness under real conditions.

Homepage of the FFG: https://projekte.ffg.at/projekt/3307444

PROJECT MANAGER / NAME AND INSTITUTE / COMPANY

DR. VERONIKA RUZSANYI, UNIVERSITY OF INNSBRUCK, INSTITUTE FOR BREATH RESEARCH

LIST AND CONTACT INFORMATION OF THE AUSTRIAN PROJECT PARTNERS

NR.

COMPANY

CONTACT PERSON

(TITLE/NAME/FIRST NAME)

STREET/NR.

POST OFFICE BOX

POSTCODE/TOWN, CONTRY

TEL.

E-MAIL

1

INSTITUT FÜR ATEMGASANALYTIK, UNIVERSITÄT INNSBRUCK

(IAA)

DR. VERONIKA RUZSANYI

INNRAIN 66, 5. STOCK

6020 INNSBRUCK, ÖSTERREICH

+43 512 504 24632

VERONIKA.RUZSANYI@UIBK.AC.AT

2

AUSTRIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

(AIT)

DR. JOHANNES BINTINGER

KONRAD-LORENZ-STRASSE 24

3430 TULLN, ÖSTERREICH

+43 505 50 4408

JOHANNES.BINTINGER@AIT.AC.AT

3

SLOC GMBH

(SLOC)

DI ALEC ESSATI

WALTENDORFER GÜRTEL 2

8010 GRAZ, ÖSTERREICH

+43 316 395 396

ALEC.ESSATI@SLOC.ONE

4

JOHANNITER ÖSTERREICH AUSBILDUNG UND FORSCHUNG GEMEINNÜTZIGE GMBH

(JOHANNITER)

MAG. GEORG AUMAYR

IGNAZ-KÖCK-STRASSE 22 1210 WIEN, ÖSTERREICH

 

+43 14707 030 2222

 

GEORG.AUMAYR@JOHANNITER.AT

 

5

BUNDESMINISTERIUM FÜR INNERES

(BMI)

MAG. KATHARINA BOINTNER

HERRENGASSE 7

1010, WIEN, ÖSTERREICH

+43 1 53126 3071

BMI-I-9-INSTITUT-FUER-WISSENSCHAFT-UND-FORSCHUNG@BMI.GV.AT


LIST AND CONTACT INFORMATION OF THE GERMAN PROJECT PARTNERS

1

AIRSENSE ANALYTICS GMBH

(AIR)

DR. ANDREAS WALTE

HAGENOWER STR. 73

19061 SCHWERIN,

DEUTSCHLAND

+49 385 3993-280

WALTE

@AIRSENSE.COM

2

LEIBNITZ UNIVERSITÄT HANNOVER

(LUH)

PROF. DR. STEFAN

ZIMMERMANN

APPELSTR. 9A

30167 HANNOVER,

DEUTSCHLAND

+49 511 762-4672

ZIMMERMANN

@GEML.UNI-HANNOVER.DE

3

JOHANNITER-UNFALL-HILFE E.V.

(JUH)

MARKUS ADLER

HAUBENSCHLOSSSTR. 6

87435 KEMPTEN,

DEUTSCHLAND

+49 831 52157-100

MARKUS.ADLER

@JOHANNITER.DE

4

BUNDESPOLIZEI, REFERAT 65

(BPOL65)

MICHAEL HILL

SCHWARTAUER

LANDSTR. 1-5

23554 LÜBECK

+49 451 290885-520

MICHAEL.HILL

@POLIZEI.BUND.DE

5

GENERALZOLLDIREKTION, DIREKTION II

(ZOLL)

RAMONA DÄSLER

AM PROPSTHOF 78A

53121 BONN

+49 228 303-21075

DII.GZD

@ZOLL.DE-MAIL.DE

6

EINSATZ- UND ERMITTLUNGSUNTERSTÜTZUNG DER BUNDESPOLIZEI, BUNDESPOLIZEIINSPEKTION

ROSENHEIM (BPOL)

CHRISTIAN UMLAUFT

BURGFRIEDSTR. 34

83024 ROSENHEIM,

DEUTSCHLAND

+49 8031 8026-2121

CHRISTIAN.UMLAUFT
@POLIZEI.BUND.DE

Name of the submitter and project manager

Dr. Veronika Ruzsanyi, University of Innsbruck, Institute for Breath Research
Adresse: Innrain 66, 5. Floor, 6020 Innsbruck
Telefon: +43 512 504 24632
E-Mail: Veronika.Ruzsanyi@uibk.ac.at

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