30.10.2019: Botanisches Kolloquium "Holocene shaping of a highland cultural landscape in the Eastern Pyrenees"

191030-kolloquium-holocene-shaping

Das Institut für Botanik lädt zum Vortrag im Rahmen des Botanischen Kolloquiums WS 2019/2020 ein:

"Holocene shaping of a highland cultural landscape in the Eastern Pyrenees"
Ana Ejarque, PhD, Universität Clermont – Auvergne

30.10.2019 17:00 Uhr
Hörsaal A
Institut für Botanik, Sternwartestr. 15, 6020 Innsbruck

Inhalt: Despite abundant palaeoenvironmental and archaeological evidence stressing the ancient and intense occupation and exploitation of European highlands, the latter continue being largely considered as natural, perhaps the latest, pristine environments in Europe. This is particularly true in the southern Pyrenees, where integrated palaeoenvironmental and archaeological research in highland areas remains scarce. I will present results drawn from a research program integrating multi-profile and high-temporal multiproxy palaeoenvironmental analyses and archaeological datasets developed in the Madriu-Perafita-Claror valley (MPCV, Andorra), a highland landscape listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the category of Cultural Landscape. Results obtained attests to an uninterrupted human occupation and diverse land-use exploitation of the MPCV during the last 7.5 ky, which included fire-driven forest openings, grazing, woodland exploitation (such as resin and charcoal production), and agriculture. Without undermining the influence of climatic factors, results from this study stress the weight of social, economic and cultural parameters in the long-term shaping and structuration of highland landscapes. This is evident at least since the late Neolithic, when the configuration of a treeless alpine zone was chiefly human-induced following intensified grazing and settling by Neolithic farmers. This is of prime importance if we consider that altitudinal vegetation zonation is a main landscape trait characterising Pyrenean and other highland spaces.



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